Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-888d5979f-lv79x Total loading time: 0.197 Render date: 2021-10-28T09:13:07.379Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western kenya: A case study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

K.N. Saxena
Affiliation:
The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
A. Pala Okeyo
Affiliation:
The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
K.V. Seshu Reddy
Affiliation:
The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
E.O. Omolo
Affiliation:
The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
L. Ngode
Affiliation:
The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

Sorghum, maize and cowpea serve as staple food for people in Africa and are grown mostly by small-scale farmers. A major constraint on the production of these crops is attack by insect pests among which crop borers are most important, causing 30–80% yield losses. Use of pesticides to control these pests is hazardous and not feasible for the farmers. Alternative strategies for the integrated pest management (IPM) are being developed at the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) and include the following components: (1) Intercropping and other cultural practices, (2) Plant resistance to insect pests, and (3) Biological control. These IPM components have now been developed to a stage where they can be taken for on-farm trials under farmers' management for subsequent use by them. But, adoption and diffusion of agricultural innovations requires a prior knowledge of the farming systems and the socio-economic circumstances in which the target farmers operate, and their bearing on the use of innovations. Information on these aspects has therefore been obtained through a survey of farming households in Kendu Bay and Oyugis Divisions in western Kenya during April—August 1986. The survey was conducted jointly with UNECA and Ministry of Agriculture, Kenya, under a project funded by the Royal Government of Belgium.

The survey involved interview with 150 farmers, (75 in each Division. In Kendu Bay 27 were men and 48 women whereas in Oyugis 40 were men and 35 women.) and was based on a questionnaire which comprised six sections. Five sections covered the farmers' background, farming practices, pest problems and their control, socio-economic conditions, and accessibility/willingness of the farmers to participate in the project. The last section included field observations on the insect pests of sorghum, maize and cowpea.

On the basis of the information obtained on above-mentioned aspects, criteria were defined and assigned appropriate weigh tage for selecting 25 farmers in each Division for on-farm trials. The selected farmers included 12 men and 13 women in Kendu Bay while in Oyugis 13 men and 12 women were selected.

The measures that need to be taken to counter these limitations and thereby assist the farmers in increasing food production have been recommended.

Résumé

Le mil, le mais et les pois sont des aliments de base pour tes africains et sont cultivés par des petits paysans. La majeure constrainte pour la production de ces cultures est l'attaque courante par les ravageurs, particulierement les rongeurs qui a eux seuls causent une reduction du rendemententre 30 a 80%. L'utilisation des insecticides est un probleme et presque impossible pour les paysans. Des strategies pour la gestion integrée de la lutte contres les ravageurs (IPM) sont entrain d'être develloppées à l'ICIPE. Ces strategies comprennent: 1) la combinaison des cultures et autres pratiques culturales; 2) la resistance des plantes contre les ravageurs et 3) la lutte biologique. Ces composantes de la gestion integrée contre les ravageurs furent devellopper jusqu'à un stage ou elles peuvent être mise en application par les paysans. Il est à noter que l'adaptation et la diffusion des decouvertes dans le domaine agricole necessitent à priori des connaissances de base sur les pratiques culturales et les conditions soclo-economiques dans lesquelles opèrent les paysans. Cet aspect du probleme a èté evalué chez les paysans à Kendu Bay et Oyugi à l'ouest du Kenya entre Avril et Août 1986. Le projet fut conjointement conduit par la CEA et le ministere de l'agriculture du Kenya grâce à un financement du Rayaume de Belgique. 150 paysans (75 de chaque village; 27 hommes et 48 femmes de Kendu Bay ainsi que 40 hommes et 35 femmes de Oyugis) ont accepte de repondre aux questions posées pendant cette etude. L'etude comprennait un questionnaire qui avait six sections. Cinq de ces sections couvraient l'historique des paysans, leurs pratiques culturales, les problemes de ravageurs et leur controle, les conditions socio-economiques et l'accord des paysans pour participer au projet. La sixième section couvrait les observations faites sur les ravageurs du sorgho, maïs et du pois. Sur la base des informations obtenues grâce aux critères cités ci dessus, une selection de 25 paysans dans chaque village (12 hommes et 13 femmes de Kendu Bay ansi que 13 hommes et 12 femmes de Oyugi) a èté faite pour une experimentation sur le terrain. Les mesures qui doivent être prises en consideration pour resoudre ces problemes et assister les paysans à augmenter leur production alimentaire ont èté proposé.

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 1989

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Antle, J.M. and Park, S.K. (1986) The economics of IPM in processing tomatoes. Calif. Agric. 40, 3132.Google Scholar
Atteh, O.D. (1984) Nigerian farmers perception of pests and pesticides. Insect Sci. Applic. 5, 213220.Google Scholar
Corpet, P.S. (1981) Non-entomological impediments to the adoption of integrated pest management. Prot.Ecol. 3, 458466.Google Scholar
Eveland, J.D. (1986) Diffusion, technology transfer, and implementation. Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilisation. 8, 303322.Google Scholar
Grieshop, J.I., Zalon, F.G. and Miyao, G. (1988) Adoption and diffusion of integrated pest management innovations in agriculture. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 34, 7278.Google Scholar
Johnny, M.M.P. (1979) Traditional farmers' perceptions of farming and farming problems in the Moyamba area. M.A. thesis. University of Sierra Leone.Google Scholar
Lightfoot, C. (1978) Indigenous research and on-farm trials. Agricultural Administration & Extension. 24, 7989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richards, P. (1989) Farmers also experiment: A neglected intellectual resource in African science. Discovery and Innovation. 1, 1925.Google Scholar
Whalon, M.E. and Croft, B.A. (1983) Implementation of Apple IPM. In Integrated Pest Management of Insect Pests of Pome and Stone Fruits. (Edited by Croft, B.A. and Hoyt, S.C.), pp. 411449. Wiley Interscience, New York.Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western kenya: A case study
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western kenya: A case study
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western kenya: A case study
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *