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OP188 Post-Launch Evidence Generation Studies For Medical Devices In Spain: Integrating Real World Evidence Into Decision-Making

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 December 2021

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A national act (Order SSI/1356/2015) regulating Post-Launch Evidence Generation (PLEG) studies was set in Spain in 2015. These PLEG studies are to inform decisions about technologies already included in the Benefit Portfolio of the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) in order to confirm/exclude/modify their terms of use. Once a PLEG is established the selected hospitals provide the technology according to a common protocol and register outcomes until the required sample size is reached.


The PLEG studies are prospective, observational and single arm studies on safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a technology in real practice. The technology is selected because of the identification of an evidence gap, usually through a health technology assessment (HTA) report made by an agency of the Spanish Network of HTA Agencies (RedETS). The execution of a PLEG is assigned to one of the RedETS Agencies, which is responsible of delivering annual reports and a final report when the objectives are reached.


The following six PLEG studies, all of them on medical devices, have been launched in Spain so far, i) Endobronchial valve for patients with persistent air leak; ii) Biodegradable esophageal stent; iii) Percutaneous mitral valve repair system by clip; iv) Left Atrial Appendage Closure Device; v) Sensor-based glucose monitoring systems for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus; vi) Left ventricular assist devices for destination therapy. Five studies will finish their data collection by the end of 2020 or during 2021.


A new national procedure using PLEG has been made available in Spain facilitating the use of real-world evidence to inform national decision-making on the financing of selected technologies due to uncertainties about their effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness and organizational impact. The studies are requiring a high amount of coordination tasks, as they are involving an average of 21 hospitals each. The usefulness and suitability of this procedure to achieve its objectives must be evaluated once their results are available.

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Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press