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OP40 First Case Of Disinvestment Using Real-World Evidence In Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 January 2018

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Beta-interferons are used as first-line therapy for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis in Brazil. In order to evaluate the possible inferiority of one of the beta-interferons available and support a guideline update, we conducted an eleven-year (January 2000 to December 2010) nationwide real-world performance assessment using the Unified Health System (SUS) databases.

METHODS:

We assessed whether patients using subcutaneous beta-interferon switched treatment, relapsed or died (composite event) earlier than patients using intramuscular beta-interferons. Patients without a dispensing registry longer than three months were censored. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the cumulative probability of persistence on initial treatment, and compared groups with the Log-rank test. The influence of the drug on the occurrence of event was assessed with Cox proportional hazards analysis.

RESULTS:

The number of patients included was 12,154, and the majority started treatment with subcutaneous beta-interferon-1a (45.7 percent), followed by subcutaneous beta-interferon-1b (27.7 percent) and by intramuscular beta-interferon (26.6 percent). Women represented 73.1 percent and the mean age was 38.93±11.34 years old. The group of patients who used intramuscular beta-interferon switched treatment, relapsed or died earlier (median 47 months; 95 percent Confidence Interval, CI 44–52) than patients using the subcutaneous beta-interferons, (69 months (95 percent CI 64–76) for beta- interferon 1a and 73 (95 percent CI 66–84) months for beta-interferon 1b) (p< .0001 for both comparisons). Accordingly, the use of intramuscular beta-interferon was associated with a higher probability of event (Hazard ratio, HR 1.38; 95 percent CI 1.29-1.48), while the use of the other beta-interferons had a protective effect (1a: HR .86; 95 percent CI .81-.92; 1b: HR .89; 95 percent CI .83-.95).

CONCLUSIONS:

The inferiority of intramuscular beta-interferon found in the real-world corroborates findings from head-to-head studies and systematic reviews conducted by Cochrane and the National Commission for Technology Incorporation in SUS (CONITEC/Brazil). This result led to disinvestment in intramuscular beta-interferon and was the first case of clinical guideline update using real-world evidence in Brazil.

Type
Oral Presentations
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018 

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