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Dual-band all textile antenna with AMC for heartbeat monitor and pacemaker control applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 December 2021

Farah R. Kareem*
Affiliation:
Communication and Electronics Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Elminia, 61512, Egypt Electrical Communication and Electronic Systems Engineering Department, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, Giza12563, Egypt
Mohamed El Atrash
Affiliation:
Electrical Communication and Electronic Systems Engineering Department, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, Giza12563, Egypt
Ahmed A. Ibrahim
Affiliation:
Communication and Electronics Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, Elminia, 61512, Egypt
Mahmoud A. Abdalla
Affiliation:
Electronic Engineering Department, Military Technical College, Cairo11787, Egypt
*
Author for correspondence: Farah R. Kareem, E-mail: fkareem@msa.edu.eg

Abstract

All textile integrated dual-band monopole antenna with an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) is proposed. The proposed design operates at 2.4 and 5.8 GHz for wearable medical applications to monitor the heartbeat. A flexible and low-profile E- shaped CPW dual-band textile antenna is integrated with a 4 × 4 dual-band textile AMC reflector to enhance the gain and specific absorption rate (SAR). The SAR is reduced by nearly 95% at both 1 and 10 g. The design was measured on the body with a 2 mm separation. The simulated and measured results appear in high agreement in the case of with and without AMC array integration. The measurement was performed in the indoor environment and in an anechoic chamber to validate the design based on reflection coefficient and radiation pattern measurements.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press in association with the European Microwave Association

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