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The “Norme in Rete” project: Standards and Tools for Italian Legislation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 February 2019

Abstract

The “Norme in Rete” (NIR) project aims at establishing standards for Italian legislation and tools to promote their adoption. In this paper an overview of these standards, including their latest version features, as well as a description of the tools developed by ITTIG-CNR for their implementation are presented.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by the International Association of Law Libraries 

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References

1 Megale, F., and F. Vitali. “I DTD dei documenti di Norme in Rete.” Informatica e Diritto 1:167231, 2001.Google Scholar

2 Spinosa, P. “Identification of Legal Documents through URNs (Uniform Resource Names).” Proceedings of the EuroWeb 2001, The Web in Public Administration. 2001.Google Scholar

4 Megale and Vitali, supra.Google Scholar

5 Spinoza, supra.Google Scholar

6 Moats, R., and K. R. Sollins. “URN Syntax.” Technical Report RFC 2141, Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). 1997.Google Scholar

7 See, Id., for the complete syntax specification of the uniform names belonging to the “nir” name-space.Google Scholar

8 For example, the resolution service gives back the list of the documents whose URNs partially match the provided URN, or it attempts to correct automatically the URN itself.Google Scholar

9 See Section 5.1.1, infra.Google Scholar

10 Biagioli, C. “Towards a legal rules functional micro-ontology.” Proceedings of workshop LEGONT 1997.Google Scholar

12 Palmirani, M. “Time Model in Normative Information System.” Post-proceedings of the ICAIL Workshop on the Role of Legal Knowledge in e-Government. 2005.Google Scholar

13 Bartolini, R., A. Lenci, S. Montemagni, V. Pirrelli, and C. Soria. “Automatic classification and analysis of provisions in Italian legal texts: a case study.” Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Regulatory Ontologies. 2004.Google Scholar

14 For example, the citation: “Act 24 November 1999, No. 468” generates the following URN-NIR “urn:nir:stato: legge: 1999-11-24;468.”Google Scholar

15 Lesk, M.E. “Lex – A lexical analyzer generator.” Technical Report CSTR 39, Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J. 1975; Johnson, S.C. “Yacc – Yet another compiler.” Technical Report CSTR 32, Bell Laboritories, Murray Hill, N.J. 1975.Google Scholar

16 Rabiner, L.R. “A Tutorial on Hidden Markov Models and Selected Applications in Speech Recognition.” Proceedings of the IEEE 77(2): 81106. 1989.Google Scholar

17 Viterbi, A.J. “Error bounds for convolutional codes and an asymptotically optimal decoding alghorithm.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory IT-13:260269. 1967.Google Scholar

18 See, Biagioli, C., E. Francesconi, A. Passerini, S. Montemagni, and C. Soria. “Automatic semantics extraction in law documents.” Proceedings of International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law. 133–139. 2005.Google Scholar

19 See, Bartolini, R., A. Lenci, S. Montemagni, and V. Pirrelli. “The lexicon-grammar balance in robust parsing of Italian.” Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. 2002.Google Scholar

20 For a deeper discussion of this module see Bartolini, et. al. (2004), supra, and Biagioli, C., E. Francesconi, P. Spinosa, and M. Taddei. “A legal drafting environment based on formal and semantic XML standards.” Proceedings of International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law. 244–245. 2005.Google Scholar

21 Biagioli, C., E. Francesconi, P. Spinosa, and M. Taddei. “The NIR Project: Standards and Tools for Legislative Drafting and Legal Document Web Publication.” Proceedings of ICAIL Workshop on e-Government: Modelling Norms and Concepts as Key Issues. 69–78. 2003.Google Scholar

22 Boer, A., R. Winkels, R. Hoekstra, and T.M. van Engers. “Knowledge Management for Legislative Drafting in an International Setting.” Proceedings of JURIX 2003: Legal Knowledge and Information System. 91–100. 2003.Google Scholar

23 Biagioli, C. “Law Making Environment.” Proceedings of Workshop on Legal Knowledge and Legal Reasoning Systems, Tokyo. 1992.Google Scholar

24 See Biagioli et. al., 2005, supra.Google Scholar

25 In Sections 5.3 and 5.4 above, the main functions, proposed by Biagioli, dealing with the composition and the organization of new acts are described respectively.Google Scholar

26 Biagioli, 1997, supra; Valente, A., and J. Breuker. “A Functional Ontology of Law.” C. Ciampi, F. Socci Natali, G. Taddei Elmi (eds), Verso un sistema esperto giuridico integrale, CEDAM. 1997; van Kralingen, R.W. “Frame-based Conceptual Models of Statute Law.” Kluwer Law International. 1997.Google Scholar

27 Biagioli, C. “Ipotesi di modello descrittivo del testo legislativo per l'accesso in rete a informazioni giuridiche.” Informatica e Diritto 2:90. 2000.Google Scholar

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