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Drug Trafficking in the Mainland Southeast Asian Region: The Example of Vietnam’s Shared Borderland with Laos

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 October 2020

Hai Thanh Luong*
Affiliation:
RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
*
*Corresponding Author. Hai Thanh Luong, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, 411 Swanston Street, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia. E-mail: haithanh.luong@rmit.edu.au
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Abstract

In recent years, transit routes in Vietnam for drug trafficking networks in the Southeast Asia region and beyond have expanded considerably. Many international scholars are working on identifying destination and transit routes of drug trafficking entities “to and through” Vietnam. Among these routes, the crossings through the Vietnam–Laos borderland of about 2,340 km are among the most severe concerns. This article analyses supply-and-demand scales of illicit drugs in Vietnam from 2008 to 2017 within the context of illegal drug trafficking in the mainland Southeast Asian region. Some evidence consistent with the “destination and transit route” arguments were found through mapping three main ways across the Vietnam–Laos borderland. The article also calls for enhancing the bilateral cooperation among law enforcement agencies to prevent and combat drug trafficking from the two sides.

Abstracto

Abstracto

En los últimos años, las rutas de tránsito en Vietnam para las redes de narcotráfico en la región del sudeste asiático y más allá se han expandido considerablemente. Muchos académicos internacionales están trabajando para identificar las rutas de destino y tránsito de las entidades de narcotráfico ‘hacia y a través de’ Vietnam. Entre estas rutas, los cruces a través de la frontera entre Vietnam y Laos de unos 2.340 kilómetros se encuentran entre las preocupaciones más graves. Este artículo analiza las escalas de oferta y demanda de drogas ilícitas en Vietnam entre 2008 y 2017 en el contexto del tráfico ilegal de drogas en la región del sudeste asiático continental. Se encontraron algunas pruebas consistentes con los argumentos de “ruta de destino y tránsito” a través del mapeo de tres formas principales de cruzar la frontera de Vietnam y Laos. El artículo también llama a mejorar la cooperación bilateral entre las agencias de aplicación de la ley para prevenir y combatir el narcotráfico desde ambos lados.

Abstrait

Abstrait

Ces dernières années, les itinéraires de transit au Vietnam pour les réseaux de trafic de drogue dans la région de l’Asie du Sud-Est et au-delà se sont considérablement développés. De nombreux chercheurs internationaux travaillent à l’identification des destinations et des itinéraires de transit des entités de trafic de drogue «vers et à travers» le Vietnam. Parmi ces itinéraires, les traversées de la frontière Vietnam-Laos d’environ 2340 kilomètres font partie des préoccupations les plus graves. Cet article analyse les échelles de l’offre et de la demande de drogues illicites au Vietnam de 2008 à 2017 dans le contexte du trafic de drogues illicites dans la région de l’Asie du Sud-Est continentale. Certaines preuves cohérentes avec les arguments de «destination et itinéraire de transit» ont été trouvées en cartographiant trois voies principales à travers la frontière entre le Vietnam et le Laos. L’article appelle également au renforcement de la coopération bilatérale entre les forces de l’ordre pour prévenir et combattre le trafic de drogue des deux côtés.

抽象

抽象

近年来,越南在东南亚地区及其他地区贩毒网络的过境路线已大大扩展。 许多国际学者正在努力确定毒品贩运实体“进出越南”的目的地和过境路线。 在这些路线中,最严重的问题是穿越越南-老挝边境约2340公里。 本文分析了在东南亚大陆地区非法贩运毒品的背景下,2008年至2017年越南非法毒品的供求规模。 通过绘制越老边境的三种主要方式,发现了一些与“目的地和中转路线”论点相符的证据。 文章还呼吁加强执法机构之间的双边合作,以防止和打击双方的毒品贩运。

نبذة مختصرة

نبذة مختصرة

في السنوات الأخيرة ، توسعت طرق العبور في فيتنام لشبكات الاتجار بالمخدرات في منطقة جنوب شرق آسيا وخارجها بشكل كبير. يعمل العديد من الباحثين الدوليين على تحديد طرق المقصد والعبور لهيئات تهريب المخدرات من وإلى “فيتنام”. ومن بين هذه الطرق ، تعد المعابر عبر حدود فيتنام ولاوس الحدودية التي يبلغ طولها 2340 كيلومترًا من بين المخاوف الأكثر خطورة. يحلل هذا المقال جداول العرض والطلب للمخدرات غير المشروعة في فيتنام من عام 2008 إلى عام 2017 في سياق الاتجار غير المشروع بالمخدرات في منطقة جنوب شرق آسيا القارية. تم العثور على بعض الأدلة التي تتوافق مع حجج “الوجهة والمرور” من خلال رسم خرائط لثلاث طرق رئيسية عبر حدود فيتنام ولاوس الحدودية. كما تدعو المقالة إلى تعزيز التعاون الثنائي بين وكالات إنفاذ القانون لمنع ومكافحة الاتجار بالمخدرات من الجانبين.

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© 2020 International Society of Criminology

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