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Drug Policy in India: An Analysis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 May 2021

Bharti Thakur
Affiliation:
Legal Aid, District Court Pathankot, Punjab, India
Neeru Mittal
Affiliation:
School of Law, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India
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Abstract

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, or NDPS Act, was enacted to control addictive drugs and prohibit their possession, dispersion, sale, import, and trade in India. Psychotropic agents have the potential to change an individual’s consciousness, while narcotic drugs relieve anxiety. The Indian Parliament passed the NDPS Act on November 14, 1985. Nonetheless, these types of drugs are important in the practice of medicine. Consequently, the Act contains provisions for the cultivation of cannabis, poppy, and coca seeds and the production of certain psychotropic medicines used for medical purposes. The Act’s primary objective is to regulate the manufacturing, ownership, selling, and transportation of narcotics and psychotropic drugs. The Act forbids the selling of nearly 200 psychotropic medications, resulting in these drugs being inaccessible over the counter to the general public. These medications are only available for use with a prescription. Violations of this law can result in a sentence of incarceration or a fine, or both, depending on the offense’s severity, which is determined by the severity of the situation at hand. If the drugs are being used for personal benefit, the penalty can be minimized. Furthermore, the legislation has been revised several times since its inception.

Abstracto

Abstracto

La Ley de Estupefacientes y Sustancias Psicotrópicas, o Ley NDPS, fue promulgada para controlar las drogas adictivas y prohibir su posesión, dispersión, venta, importación y comercio en la India. Los agentes psicotrópicos tienen el potencial de cambiar la conciencia de un individuo, mientras que los narcóticos alivian la ansiedad. El Parlamento de la India aprobó la Ley NDPS el 14 de noviembre de 1985. No obstante, este tipo de medicamentos son importantes en la práctica de la medicina. En consecuencia, la ley contiene disposiciones para el cultivo de semillas de cannabis, amapola y coca y la producción de ciertos medicamentos psicotrópicos utilizados con fines médicos. El objetivo principal de la ley es regular la fabricación, propiedad, venta y transporte de estupefacientes y psicotrópicos. La ley prohíbe la venta de casi 200 medicamentos psicotrópicos, lo que hace que estos medicamentos sean inaccesibles sin receta para el público en general. Estos medicamentos solo están disponibles para su uso con receta médica. Las violaciones de esta ley pueden resultar en una sentencia de encarcelamiento o una multa, o ambas, dependiendo de la gravedad de la ofensa, que está determinada por la gravedad de la situación en cuestión. Si los medicamentos se utilizan para beneficio personal, la penalización se puede minimizar. Además, la legislación se ha revisado varias veces desde su creación.

Abstrait

Abstrait

La Loi sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes, ou NDPS Act, a été adoptée pour contrôler les drogues de toxicomanie et interdire leur possession, leur dispersion, leur vente, leur importation et leur commerce en Inde. Les agents psychotropes ont le potentiel de changer la conscience d’un individu, tandis que les stupéfiants soulagent l’anxiété. Le Parlement indien a adopté la loi NDPS le 14 novembre 1985. Néanmoins, ces types de médicaments sont importants dans la pratique de la médecine. Par conséquent, la loi contient des dispositions relatives à la culture de graines de cannabis, de pavot et de coca et à la production de certains médicaments psychotropes à usage médical. L’objectif principal de la loi est de réglementer la fabrication, la propriété, la vente et le transport de stupéfiants et de drogues psychotropes. La loi interdit la vente de près de 200 médicaments psychotropes, ce qui rend ces médicaments inaccessibles en vente libre au grand public. Ces médicaments ne sont disponibles que sur ordonnance. Les violations de cette loi peuvent entraîner une peine d’emprisonnement ou une amende, ou les deux, selon la gravité de l’infraction, qui est déterminée par la gravité de la situation. Si les médicaments sont utilisés à des fins personnelles, la sanction peut être réduite au minimum. De plus, la législation a été révisée à plusieurs reprises depuis sa création.

抽象的

抽象的

颁布了《麻醉药品和精神药物法》(NDPS Act),以控制成瘾药并禁止其在印度拥有,散布,销售,进口和贸易。精神药物有可能改变一个人的意识,而麻醉药物可以减轻焦虑。印度议会于1985年11月14日通过了《 NDPS法》。尽管如此,这些类型的药物在医学实践中仍然很重要。因此,该法载有关于种植大麻,罂粟和古柯种子以及生产用于医疗目的的某些精神药物的规定。该法案的主要目标是规范麻醉药品和精神药物的制造,所有权,销售和运输。该法令禁止销售近200种精神药物,从而导致公众无法通过柜台购买这些药物。这些药物仅可用于处方。违反该法律可能会导致监禁或罚款,或两者兼而有之,具体取决于犯罪的严重程度,这取决于当前情况的严重程度。如果毒品是为了个人利益而使用,则可以将罚款降到最低。此外,该法规自制定以来已进行了数次修订。

خلاصة

خلاصة

تم سن قانون المخدرات والمؤثرات العقلية ، أو قانون NDPS ، للسيطرة على المخدرات وحظر حيازتها ، وتوزيعها ، وبيعها ، واستيرادها ، والاتجار بها في الهند. تمتلك المؤثرات العقلية القدرة على تغيير وعي الفرد ، بينما تخفف العقاقير المخدرة من القلق. أقر البرلمان الهندي قانون NDPS في 14 نوفمبر 1985. ومع ذلك ، فإن هذه الأنواع من الأدوية مهمة في ممارسة الطب. وبالتالي ، يتضمن القانون أحكامًا تتعلق بزراعة القنب ، والخشخاش ، وبذور الكوكا ، وإنتاج بعض المؤثرات العقلية المستخدمة للأغراض الطبية. الهدف الأساسي للقانون هو تنظيم تصنيع المخدرات والمؤثرات العقلية وملكيتها وبيعها ونقلها. يحظر القانون بيع ما يقرب من 200 دواء من المؤثرات العقلية ، مما يؤدي إلى تعذر الوصول إلى هذه الأدوية بدون وصفة طبية لعامة الناس هذه الأدوية متاحة فقط للاستخدام بوصفة طبية. يمكن أن تؤدي انتهاكات هذا القانون إلى عقوبة الحبس أو الغرامة ، أو كليهما ، اعتمادًا على خطورة المخالفة ، والتي تحددها خطورة الموقف المطروح. إذا تم استخدام الأدوية لمنفعة شخصية ، فيمكن تقليل العقوبة. علاوة على ذلك ، تمت مراجعة التشريع عدة مرات منذ إنشائه.

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Copyright
© International Society of Criminology 2021

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References

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