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The Incidence and Risk Factors of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Riyadh Hospital

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Ziad A. Memish*
Affiliation:
King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Gwen Cunningham
Affiliation:
King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Gbolahan A. Oni
Affiliation:
King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
W. Djazmati
Affiliation:
King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*
Infection Prevention and Control, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, PO Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

We report the incidence of, and risk factors for, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) at the King Fahad National Guard Hospital. Of the 202 patients studied, 41 (25.2%) had VAP The incidence density was 16.8/1,000 person-days of ventilation. Variables significantly associated with VAP were serious injury from motor-vehicle accident, enteral feeding, and length of ventilation. The avoidance of unnecessary enteral nutrition could help to reduce VAP.

Type
Concise Communications
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2000

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References

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