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Epidemiology of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia in Gaborone, Botswana

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Sarah M. Wood*
Affiliation:
Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Samir S. Shah
Affiliation:
Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Philadelphia, PA
Margaret Bafana
Affiliation:
Botswana National Health Laboratory, Gaborone, Botswana
Adam J. Ratner
Affiliation:
Departments of Pediatrics and Microbiology, Columbia University, New York, NY
Peter A. Meaney
Affiliation:
Division of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Kolaatamo C. S. Malefho
Affiliation:
Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
Andrew P. Steenhoff
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Philadelphia, PA Center of AIDS Research, Philadelphia, PA Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
*Corresponding
Pediatric Residency Program, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Room 9NW55 Main, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (woodsa@email.chop.edu)

Abstract

This cross-sectional study at a tertiary-care hospital in Botswana from 2000 to 2007 was performed to determine the epidemiologic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. We identified a high prevalence (11.2% of bacteremia cases) of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. MRSA isolates had higher proportions of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials than did methicillin-susceptible isolates, emphasizing the need to revise empiric prescribing practices in Botswana.

Type
Concise Communications
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2009

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References

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