Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-65dc7cd545-2sbtp Total loading time: 0.176 Render date: 2021-07-24T15:29:33.911Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Clinicians' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli in Intensive Care Units

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Juyan Julia Zhou
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York
Sameer J. Patel
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York
Haomiao Jia
Affiliation:
Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health and School of Nursing, Columbia University, New York, New York
Scott A. Weisenberg
Affiliation:
Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Oakland, California
E. Yoko Furuya
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York Department of Infection Prevention and Control, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York
Christine J. Kubin
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York
Luis Alba
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York
Kyu Rhee
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York
Lisa Saiman
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York Department of Infection Prevention and Control, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Objective.

To assess how healthcare professionals caring for patients in intensive care units (ICUs) understand and use antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) for multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB).

Design.

A knowledge, attitude, and practice survey assessed ICU clinicians' knowledge of antimicrobial resistance, confidence interpreting AST results, and beliefs regarding the impact of AST on patient outcomes.

Setting.

Sixteen ICUs affiliated with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital.

Participants.

Attending physicians and subspecialty residents with primary clinical responsibilities in adult or pediatric ICUs as well as infectious diseases subspecialists and clinical pharmacists.

Methods.

Participants completed an anonymous electronic survey. Responses included 4-level Likert scales dichotomized for analysis. Multivariate analyses were performed using generalized estimating equation logistic regression to account for correlation of respondents from the same ICU.

Results.

The response rate was 51% (178 of 349 eligible participants); of the respondents, 120 (67%) were ICU physicians. Those caring for adult patients were more knowledgeable about antimicrobial activity and were more familiar with MDR-GNB infections. Only 33% and 12% of ICU physicians were familiar with standardized and specialized AST methods, respectively, but more than 95% believed that AST improved patient outcomes. After adjustment for demographic and healthcare provider characteristics, those familiar with treatment of MDR-GNB bloodstream infections, those aware of resistance mechanisms, and those aware of AST methods were more confident that they could interpret AST results and/or request additional in vitro testing.

Conclusions.

Our study uncovered knowledge gaps and educational needs that could serve as the foundation for future interventions. Familiarity with MDR-GNB increased overall knowledge, and familiarity with AST increased confidence interpreting the results.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2013

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1. Paterson, D. Resistance in gram-negative bacteria: enterobacteriaceae. Am J Med 2006;119:S20S28.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
2. Gupta, A, Delia-Latta, P, Todd, B, et al. Outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal intensive care unit linked to artificial nails. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2004;25:210215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Bratu, S, Mooty, M, Nichani, S, et al. Emergence of KPC-pos-sessing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Brooklyn, New York: epidemiology and recommendations for detection. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005;49:30183020.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4. Siegel, J, Rhinehart, E, Jackson, M, Chiarello, L, Health Care Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. 2007 Guideline for isolation precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings. Am J Infect Control 2007;35:S65S164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. McGowan, JE Jr. Economic impact of antimicrobial resistance. Emerg Infect Dis 2001;7:286292.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
6. Kollef, MH, Sherman, G, Ward, S, Fraser, VJ. Inadequate antimicrobial treatment of infections: a risk factor for hospital mortality among critically ill patients. Chest 1999;115:462474.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7. Du, B, Long, Y, Liu, H, et al. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical outcome. Intensive Care Med 2002;28:17181723.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8. Paterson, DL, Ko, WC, Von Gottberg, A, et al. Antibiotic therapy for Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia: implications of production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 39:3137.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9. Wilson, SJ, Knipe, CJ, Zieger, MJ, et al. Direct costs of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in the burn unit of a public teaching hospital. Am f Infect Control 2004;32:342344.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10. Cabana, MD, Rand, CS, Powe, NR, et al. Why don't physicians follow clinical practice guidelines? a framework for improvement. JAMA 1999;282:14581465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11. Cabana, MD, Ebel, BE, Cooper-Patrick, L, Powe, NR, Rubin, HR, Rand, CS. Barriers pediatricians face when using asthma practice guidelines. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000;154:685693.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
12. Garber, E, Desai, M, Zhou, J, et al. Barriers to adherence to cystic fibrosis infection control guidelines. Pediatr Pulmonol 2008;43: 900907.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
13. Larson, E, Quiros, D. Staff attitudes toward CDC's hand hygiene guideline. Am J Infect Control 2006;34:E128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14. Cabana, MD, Rand, C, Slish, K, Nan, B, Davis, MM, Clark, N. Pediatrician self-efficacy for counseling parents of asthmatic children to quit smoking. Pediatrics 2004;113:7881.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
15. Hardin, JW, Hilbe, JM. Generalized Estimating Equations. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2003.Google Scholar
16. Ranji, SR, Steinman, MA, Shojania, KG, Gonzales, R. Interventions to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing: a systematic review and quantitative analysis. Med Care 2008;46:847862.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17. Evans, CT, Rogers, TJ, Weaver, FM, Burns, SP. Providers' beliefs and behaviors regarding antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic resistance in persons with spinal cord injury or disorder. J Spinal Cord Med 2011;34:1621.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
18. Metlay, JP, Shea, JA, Crossette, LB, Asch, DA. Tensions in antibiotic prescribing: pitting social concerns against the interests of individual patients. J Gen Intern Med 2002;17:8794.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
19. Giblin, TB, Sinkowitz-Cochran, RL, Harris, PL, et al. Clinicians’ perceptions of the problem of antimicrobial resistance in health care facilities. Arch Intern Med 2004;164:16621668.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
20. Sintchenko, V, Iredell, JR, Gilbert, GL, Coiera, E. What do physicians think about evidence-based antibiotic use in critical care? a survey of Australian intensivists and infectious disease practitioners. Intern Med J 2001;31:462469.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
21. Guerra, CM, Pereira, CA, Neves Neto, AR, Cardo, DM, Correa, L. Physicians’ perceptions, beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge concerning antimicrobial resistance in a Brazilian teaching hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:14111414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22. Srinivasan, A, Song, X, Richards, A, Sinkowitz-Cochran, R, Cardo, D, Rand, C. A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of house staff physicians from various specialties concerning antimicrobial use and resistance. Arch Intern Med 2004;164:14511456.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
23. Minen, MT, Duquaine, D, Marx, MA, Weiss, D. A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of medical students concerning antimicrobial use and resistance. Microb Drug Resist 2010;16:285289.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24. Wester, CW, Durairaj, L, Evans, AT, Schwartz, DN, Husain, S, Martinez, E. Antibiotic resistance: a survey of physician perceptions. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:22102216.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
25. Pulcini, C, Williams, F, Molinari, N, Davey, P, Nathwani, D. Junior doctors’ knowledge and perceptions of antibiotic resistance and prescribing: a survey in France and Scotland. Clin Microbiol Infect 2011;17:8087.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
26. Quale, J, Bratu, S, Landman, D, Heddurshetti, R. Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in Aci-netobacter baumannii endemic in New York City. Clin Infect Dis 2003;37:214220.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
27. Quale, JM, Landman, D, Bradford, PA, et al. Molecular epidemiology of a citywide outbreak of extended-spectrum β-lacta-mase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Clin Infect Dis 2002;35:834841.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
28. Patel, S, Landers, T, Larson, E, et al. Clinical vignettes provide an understanding of antibiotic prescribing practices in neonatal intensive care units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:597602.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
29. Dellit, TH, Owens, RC, McGowan, JE Jr, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for developing an institutional program to enhance antimicrobial stewardship. Clin Infect Dis 2007;44: 159177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Clinicians' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli in Intensive Care Units
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Clinicians' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli in Intensive Care Units
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Clinicians' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli in Intensive Care Units
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *