Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-llglr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-14T05:49:01.070Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Employee Work Ethic in Nine Nonindustrialized Contexts: Some Surprising Non-POSH Findings

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 August 2017

Alex de Voogt*
Drew University
Jonas W. B. Lang
Department of Personnel Management, Work and Organizational Psychology, Ghent University
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Alex de Voogt, Drew University, Madison, NJ. E-mail:


Gross, Carr, Reichman, Abdul-Nasiru, and Oestereich's (2017) article argues that industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology has a limited perspective that rarely goes beyond the specific professional populations in formal economies of high-income countries—a perspective they refer to as a POSH perspective. This valuable criticism should also eschew the notion that workers in nonindustrialized countries are necessarily different.

Copyright © Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


The authors wish to thank Richard Butler and Elizabeth DeGaetano for their immediate support, as well as the many international participants whose enthusiasm has made this research possible.


Gloss, A., Carr, S. C., Reichman, W., Abdul-Nasiru, I., & Oesterich, W. T. (2017). From handmaidens to POSH humanitarians: The case for making human capabilities the business of I-O psychology. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 10 (3), 329–369.Google Scholar
Harpaz, I. (1989). Non-financial employment commitment: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 62, 147150. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1989.tb00485.x Google Scholar
Harpaz, I. (2002). Expressing a wish to continue or stop working as related to the meaning of work. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 11, 177198. doi: 10.1080/13594320244000111 Google Scholar
Highhouse, S., Zickar, M. J., & Yankelevich, M. (2010). Would you work if you won the lottery? Tracking change in the American work ethic. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 349357. doi: 10.1037/a0018359 Google Scholar
Kaplan, H. R., & Tausky, C. (1974). The meaning of work among the hard-core unemployed. The Pacific Sociological Review, 17, 185198. doi: 10.2307/1388341 Google Scholar
Morse, N. C., & Weiss, R. S. (1955). The function and meaning of work and the job. American Sociological Review, 20, 191198. doi: 10.2307/2088325 Google Scholar
Snir, R., & Harpaz, I. (2002). To work or not to work: Nonfinancial employment commitment and the social desirability bias. Journal of Social Psychology, 142, 635644. doi: 10.1080/00224540209603923 Google Scholar
Tausky, C. (1969). Meanings of work among blue collar men. The Pacific Sociological Review, 12, 4955. doi: 10.2307/1388214 Google Scholar
Terracino, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adám, N., Adamovová, L, Ahn, C. K., Ahn, H. N., . . . McCrae, R. R. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 48 countries. Science, 310, 96100. doi: 10.1126/science.1117199 Google Scholar
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2014). Human development reports. Retrieved from Google Scholar
Warr, P. (1982). A national study of non-financial employment commitment. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 55, 297312. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1982.tb00103.x Google Scholar