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This journal is a wholly open access journal, which means all articles are published as Gold Open Access under a Creative Commons licence. This enables anyone to access and redistribute the content and, depending upon the licence, re-use the content in new or derivative works with attribution. The terms of re-use for Gold Open Access content are stated in the copyright line of the article.

The Creative Commons licences offered by this journal are CC BY, CC BY-NC-SA, and CC BY-NC-ND.

Gold Open Access is supported by an article processing charge (APC) typically paid by the author’s funding body or institution; please check the fees and pricing page for details of this journal's charges. Cambridge University Press has also made a number of agreements to support open access, and authors at participating institutions may be eligible for APC waivers and discounts.

Under this journal’s Green Open Access policy, authors can also make pre-published versions of their articles available in institutional or other repositories, or on their personal or departmental websites, under certain conditions. This allows authors to comply with the open access mandates of many funders and institutions before the final article is published as Gold Open Access. For more information, please see Cambridge University Press’s Green Open Access policy page, where you can download a spreadsheet with full details about which versions of articles authors can post online, and where and when authors can post them.

If you have open access questions which are not answered by our policy pages and resources, please contact openresearch@cambridge.org.

Preprints

A preprint is an early version of an article prior to the version accepted for publication in a journal. This journal allows preprints to be posted anywhere at any time, including before submission to the journal. For more information, see the Cambridge University Press preprint policy.

Social Sharing

This journal participates in Cambridge Core Share, an initiative that allows a read-only version of a final published PDF (the Version of Record) to be shared and easily accessed by anyone. Core Share links, and Core Share PDFs containing the links, can be freely shared on social media sites and scholarly collaboration networks to enhance both the impact and discoverability of research. 

Waiver Policies

Cambridge University Press operates several waiver policies, as described below.

It should be noted that the decision on whether to accept a paper for publication will rest solely with the Editors, and without reference to the funding situation of the authors. The Editors, editorial board members, and reviewers will have no involvement with the billing of APCs and cannot grant waivers.

Developing country waiver policy

Cambridge University Press operates waiver policies in line with other leading publishers. We grant 100% waivers to papers whose corresponding authors are based in Research4Life 'Group A' countries and 50% waivers to those who are based in 'Group B' countries.

Discretionary waiver policy

The author(s) must request a waiver at or before submission, before an article enters editorial consideration by filling out this form.

Editorial waiver policy

Waivers will be automatically granted for all:

·         Editorials

·         Errata/corrigenda