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Late Palaeozoic tectonic evolution of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean: new evidence from the early Permian arc magmatic suites in the Kulun region

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 July 2022

Yan Jing
Affiliation:
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun130061, China Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Changchun130026, China
Wen-chun Ge*
Affiliation:
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun130061, China Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Changchun130026, China
Hao Yang
Affiliation:
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun130061, China Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Changchun130026, China
Yu Dong
Affiliation:
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun130061, China Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Changchun130026, China
Zheng Ji
Affiliation:
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun130061, China Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Changchun130026, China
Jun-hui Bi
Affiliation:
Tianjin Centre of the China Geological Survey, Tianjin300170, China
Hong-ying Zhou
Affiliation:
Tianjin Centre of the China Geological Survey, Tianjin300170, China
Dehe Xing
Affiliation:
Shenyang Centre of the China Geological Survey, Shenyang110034, China
*
Author for correspondence: Wen-chun Ge, Email: gewenchun@jlu.edu.cn

Abstract

Late Palaeozoic igneous rock associations in response to subduction, accretion, and final closure of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean play a significant role in understanding the geodynamic evolution of the southeastern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Previous studies have identified a Permian arc magmatic belt associated with the southward-dipping subduction of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean along the Solonker–Changchun suture zone. The genetic mechanism and associated geodynamic settings are of great importance in deciphering the evolution of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean. This paper presents zircon U–Pb–Hf isotope and whole-rock geochemical analyses for a suite of magmatic rocks including the early Permian diorite porphyrites (ca. 281.0 Ma), andesites (ca. 276 Ma) and rhyolites (ca. 275 Ma) in the Kulun region. The diorite porphyrites and andesites have high SiO2 and total alkali contents, and low MgO contents and Mg no. values, with enrichments in large ion lithophile elements and depletions in high-field-strength elements. These geochemical characteristics, together with low-Sr and high-Yb contents, a weak concave-upward shape of middle rare earth elements and negative Eu anomalies, suggest that these intermediate igneous rocks were generated by partial melting of amphibolitic lower crust at a crustal depth of 30–40 km. The rhyolites have heterogeneous isotopic compositions, with ϵHf(t) values and TDM2 ages of –20.8 to +0.5 and 3578∼1494 Ma, implying that they were likely derived from partial melting of a mixed source dominated by recycled ancient crust with minor juvenile crustal materials. The rhyolites show potassic affinity with relatively high K2O and very low Na2O, which was attributed to liquid immiscibility of felsic magma and subsequent limited fractional crystallization of plagioclase. The regional igneous associations, metamorphic events, and coeval sedimentary rocks along the Solonker–Changchun suture zone indicate that the early Permian igneous rocks were formed in an active continental arc environment in response to southward subduction of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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Late Palaeozoic tectonic evolution of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean: new evidence from the early Permian arc magmatic suites in the Kulun region
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Late Palaeozoic tectonic evolution of the eastern Palaeo-Asian Ocean: new evidence from the early Permian arc magmatic suites in the Kulun region
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