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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 June 2015

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium Department of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium
Department of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium Department of Cardiology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium Department of Cardiology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium
Department of Intensive Care, Ziekenhuis Netwerk Antwerpen, ZNA Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgium
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium Department of Physiology, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium
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In a non-obstetric population, the optimization of cardiac output (CO) had been shown to improve survival and to reduce postoperative complications, organ failure and the length of stay 1 . CO monitoring might be very useful in the obstetric population as well, as physiologic changes of CO during pregnancy are mandatory for a normal outcome. An uncomplicated pregnancy is associated with a 50% increase in maternal CO, which is mediated by plasma volume expansion and a decrease in peripheral resistance 2 . An aberrant change of this maternal CO might influence pregnancy outcome: pregnancies complicated with foetal growth restriction and/or preeclampsia are characterized by increased total vascular resistance and reduced systolic function (i.e. lower CO and stroke volume (SV)) 35 .

Review Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015 

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