Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-65dc7cd545-x46dj Total loading time: 0.878 Render date: 2021-07-25T00:28:02.921Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Effects of Fertilizers and Plant Age on Distribution of Nutrients in Nigerian Cassava (Manihot esculenta)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 October 2008

J. E. Okeke
Affiliation:
National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
B. T. Kang
Affiliation:
National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
G. O. Obigbesan
Affiliation:
National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria

Summary

The effects of soil fertilization and plant age on the nutrient composition of various parts of five Nigerian cassava varieties were studied to identify suitable index plant tissue(s), sensitive growth stage(s) and optimum nutrient concentrations, to develop better fertilizer practices for the crop. The third month from planting was the most sensitive stage for diagnostic sampling, when N status was best reflected in leaf blades and K in petioles. N and P were most concentrated in leaf blades and least in root tubers. The largest root tuber yields after 12 months were associated with leaf blade analyses of 5% N, 0.4% P and 2% K at 3 months after planting.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1982

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Anon. (1980). Strategy Mission Report on Nigerian Green Revolution Programme. Lagos, Nigeria: Fed. Min. of Agric.Google Scholar
AOAC (1955). Association of Official Agricultural Chemists Publication, 11th edn.Google Scholar
CIAT (1975). Cassava production systems. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Annual Report, 1975, 5354.Google Scholar
Fox, R. H., Talleyrand, H. & Scott, T. W. (1975). Effect of nitrogen fertilisation on yields and nitrogen content of cassava, Llanera cultivar. Journal of Agriculture of University of Puerto Rico. LIX, 2: 115124.Google Scholar
Grunes, D. L., Bowan, L. C., Carlson, C. W. & Viets, F. G. (1958). Zinc deficiency of corn and potatoes as related to soil and plant analysis. Agronomy Journal 53: 6871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jackson, M. L. (1960). Soil Chemical Analysis. New York: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Jacoby, T. (1965). Fertilisation and nutrition of tropical tubers. Bulletin verde, 19: 916.Google Scholar
Loue, A. (1963). A contribution to the study of inorganic nutrition in maize with special attention to potassium. Fertilite 20: 11.–12.Google Scholar
Munson, R. D. & Nelson, W. L. (1973). Principles and practices in plant analysis. Soil Testing and Plant Analysis (Rev. edn). Soil Science Society of America Publication, 236244.Google Scholar
Ngongi, A. G. M., Howeler, R. & Macdonald, N. A. (1976). Effect of potassium and sulphur on growth, yield and composition of cassava. International Development Research Centre Publication series 080e: 107113.Google Scholar
Obigbesan, G. O. (1977). Response of Nigerian cultivars to potassium fertiliser in Western Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 89: 2327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Obigbesan, G. O. & Agboola, A. A. (1978). Uptake and distribution of nutrients by yams (Dioscorea spp) in Western Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture 14: 249355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Obigbesan, G. O. & Fayemi, A. A. A. (1976). Influence of nitrogen fertilisation on the yield and chemical composition of two cultivars (Manihot esculenta). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 86: 401406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okeke, J. E. & Kang, B. T. (1980). Evaluation of Some Major Soils from Southern Nigeria for Cassava Production. Proceedings of the first Triennial Root Crops Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops. - African Branch. IDRC Series 163e: 99103.Google Scholar
Rendle, C. J. & Kang, B. T. (1976). Phosphorus requirement of three sweet potato cultivars. IDRC Series 080e: 117121.Google Scholar
Russell, J. S., Bourg, C. W. & Rhoades, H. F. (1954). Effects of nitrogen fertiliser on the nitrogen, phosphorus and cation contents of bromegrass. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 18: 292296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Velley, J. (1969). Contributions to the determination of soil maintenance fertilisation: the extractions of mineral elements by main crops. Bulletin de Madagascar 19(182): 872890.Google Scholar
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Effects of Fertilizers and Plant Age on Distribution of Nutrients in Nigerian Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Effects of Fertilizers and Plant Age on Distribution of Nutrients in Nigerian Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Effects of Fertilizers and Plant Age on Distribution of Nutrients in Nigerian Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *