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The Role of Parental Temperament Traits in Disruptive Behavioral Disorders of Children with ADHD

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

A. Bilgic
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meram School of Medicine Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
S. Yilmaz
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meram School of Medicine Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
O. Ozcan
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
A.E. Tufan
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey
S. Ozmen
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
D. Oztop
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
O.F. Akça
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meram School of Medicine Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
S. Turkoglu
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
A. Yar
Affiliation:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Konya Education and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey

Abstract

Introduction

No study up to now investigated the role of parental temperament traits in disruptive behavioral disorders (DBD) of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Objectives

To determine the relationships between parent temperament characteristics and child DBD symptoms in children with ADHD.

Methods

The sample consisted of 542 treatment naïve children with ADHD aged 6-17 years. All children had to be living with both biological mothers and fathers. The severity of ADHD and comorbid DBD were assessed via parent and teacher rated Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Behavioral Disorders Screening and Rating Scale. Temperamental dimensions of mothers and fathers were measured by TEMPS-A. The association between parental ADHD and DBD was evaluated with two separate structural equation models.

Results

Relationships of parent ADHD and DBD symptoms were presented in Figures 1 and 2.

Discussion

This study showed a significant relationship between maternal depressive and paternal cyclothymic affective temperament and conduct disorder, and between maternal anxious and irritable, and paternal cyclothymic affective temperament and oppositional defiant disorder in children with ADHD. This study highlights that children with more severe behavioural symptoms are more likely to have a parent with certain temperament traits.

[]
Type
Article: 0420
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2015
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