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Personality dimensions and coping strategies in remitted bipolar disorder

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 August 2021

E. Mhiri*
Affiliation:
Psychiatry (b), Hedi Chaker University hospital, sfax, Tunisia
N. Messedi
Affiliation:
Psychiatry (b), Hedi Chaker University hospital, sfax, Tunisia
W. Bouattour
Affiliation:
Psychiatry (b), Hedi Chaker University hospital, sfax, Tunisia
F. Charfeddine
Affiliation:
Psychiatry (b), Hedi Chaker University hospital, sfax, Tunisia
J. Aloulou
Affiliation:
Psychiatry (b), Hedi Chaker University hospital, sfax, Tunisia
*
*Corresponding author.

Abstract

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Introduction

The influence of personality on how people deal with stressful situations has long been discussed. In bipolar disorder, these two entities seem to have a role in the outcome of the disease.

Objectives

To study the relationships between coping strategies in stressful situations and personality dimensions in euthymic bipolar patients.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study of 30 patients followed for bipolar disorder in remission, at the psychiatric outpatient clinic at the Hédi Chaker Uuniversity Hospital in Sfax. We used a socio-demographic and clinical data sheet and the Ten Items Personality Inventory (TIPI) to evaluate personality dimensions and the Ways Of Coping Checklist (WWC) for the assessment of coping.

Results

The mean age of the patients was 43.77 years, the sex ratio was 0.5. Bipolar I disorder was diagnosed in 93% of patients. WCC : -Coping focused on the problem : 70% of the patients. -Emotion-centered coping : 20% of patients -Coping focused on seeking social support : 10% of patients. TIPI : Conciousness was the most represented trait of personality (36.7%), agreableness (30%) and extraversion (20%). Extraversion was associated with coping focused on the problem: (p=0.015). Agreableness was associated with coping focused on seeking social support:(p=0.033).

Conclusions

Our study showed that conciousness is the most common trait of personality in bipolar disorder patients. The coping focused on the problem is the most frequent strategy which correlated with extraversion, so, personality dimensions appear as a target for cognitive interventions.

Disclosure

No significant relationships.

Type
Abstract
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the European Psychiatric Association
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