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Pathways to Care and Patterns of Care in First Episode Psychosis Patients Treated in Community Based-mental Health Services. A 5-Years Follow-up from the PICOS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

E. Miglietta
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
A. Lasalvia
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
C. Comacchio
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
D. Cristofalo
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
C. Bonetto
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
S. Tosato
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
K. De Santi
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
G. Zanatta
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
S. Petterlini
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
S. Zoppei
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
G. Dimitri
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy
C. Cremonese
Affiliation:
Psychiatric Clinic, Department of Neuroscience, University of Padua, Italy, Padua, Italy
L. Ramon
Affiliation:
NHS Local Health Authority Portogruaro, Department of Mental Health, Portogruaro, Italy
M. Ruggeri
Affiliation:
University of Verona, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, Verona, Italy

Abstract

Introduction

International treatment guidelines recommend that key elements to reduce the burden of psychosis are the early identification of people and the adoption of specific evidence based interventions.

Objectives

To investigate the pathway to care and patterns of interventions provided by community based-mental health services (CMHS) to a cohort of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients over 5-years period, exploring in which degree guidelines are met in routine clinical practice.

Methods

Study conducted in the context of the Psychosis Incident Cohort Outcome Study (PICOS), a multisite naturalistic research conducted in the Veneto Region (Italy) on FEP patients in a 4.6 million inhabitants catchment area. A comprehensive set of standardized measures was used, including ad hoc schedules to collect information on referrals to psychiatric services and on pharmacological and psycho-social treatments according to a multiwave follow-up design (1-, 2- and 5 years).

Results

Three hundred and ninety-seven FEP patients were assessed at BL, 286 at 1 year, 233 at 2 years and 205 at 5 years. 47.4% of patients were helped to seek care by a relative and more than one half entered the treatment route through an emergency access. Regarding the interventions received, 96% of patients had been prescribed neuroleptics and atypical were the most prescribed class (66.9%). Only half received a psychosocial intervention during the first year and this percentage progressively decreased at each FU.

Discussion

Findings highlight discrepancies between interventions provided by CMHS and the best treatment options recommended by guidelines, suggesting the need to implement specific initiatives aiming to close the gap between research and clinical practice.

Type
e-Poster walk: Epidemiology and social psychiatry; intellectual disability
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2017

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

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