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P03-60 - Infant Trauma and Psychopathology in Paranoid Schizophrenia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 April 2020

M. Henry
Affiliation:
Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain
E. Diaz-Mesa
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
A.L. Morera-Fumero
Affiliation:
Universidad de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, La Laguna, Spain
A. Garcia-Hernandez
Affiliation:
Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain
L. Fernandez-Lopez
Affiliation:
Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
S. Yelmo
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
F. Trujillo
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
J. Monzon
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
V. Barrau
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain
R. Gracia-Marco
Affiliation:
Psiquiatria, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain

Abstract

Background

Stress and trauma have been reported as leading contributing factors in schizophrenia. And certainly child abuse (neglect, emotional, physical and sexual abuse among others) has a lasting negative impact, which is well established in literature.

Objectives

To consider the presence of infant trauma and its relationship with psychopathology in paranoid schizophrenics.Methods. 37 patients (mean age 29±6.3; years from onset 9.20±4.7), meeting DSM IV paranoid schizophrenia criteria, undergoing treatment in a university hospital are studied. The PANSS is administered in order to rate psychopathology.

Results

27 patients had infant trauma (55.8%). Main traumas are: sexual abuse (12.8%), child abuse (7.7%), both sexual and child abuse (5.18%), parental separation (7.7%), extra-rigid parents (2.6%), alcoholic parents (18.2%), child abuse and mother's death in childhood (2.6%). Infant trauma and psychopathology showed a significant relationship concerning Hostility (No 1.75±1.209, Yes 2.26±1.759), Unnatural Movements and Posture (No 1.55±0.945, Yes 1.16±0.545), Depression (No 1.25±0.550, Yes 1.74±1.284) and Preoccupation (No 2.75±1.410, Yes 3.26±1.996).

Conclusions

Infant trauma is common in paranoid schizophrenia and our findings give some evidence to a relationship with psychopathology, especially with dimensions as Hostility, Unnatural Movements and Posture, Depression and Preoccupation. Despite sample size, a high proportion (55.8%) of the patients presented infant trauma and future research is needed in order to open new avenues in this field, particularly studies concerning infant trauma and symptomatology specificity will be greatly appreciated as well as the plausible link to personality traits and personality disorders.

Type
Psychotic disorders / Schizophrenia
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2010
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