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New designer benzodiazepines use in Barcelona

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

M. De Dios Felis
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
E. Monteagudo Gimeno
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
D. Sanagustín Bosqued
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
A. Trabsa Biskri
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
M. Grifell Guàrdia
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
L. Galindo Guarín
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
P. Quintana Mathe
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain
M. Torrens Melich
Affiliation:
Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Parc de Salut Mar, Psychiatry, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

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Introduction

New designer benzodiazepines such as phenazepam, etizolam, diclazepam, clonazolam and flubromazolam have appeared in the recreational drug market due to that they provide an attractive alternative to prescription-only benzodiazepines as they are readily available over the Internet.

Objective

To describe the presence of new designer benzodiazepines in samples delivered to energy control since 2010 to 2016 in Barcelona.

Methods

From 2010 to 2016, 24,551 samples were delivered to energy control. Among this samples 43 (0.175%) were analysed as benzodiazepines. They were analyzed by energy control, a Spanish harm reduction NGO that offers the possibility of analyzing the substances that users report. Analysis was done by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Results

From the 43 samples analyzed as benzodiazepines, 1 (2.32%) was delivered in 2010, none in 2011, 2 (4.65%) in 2012, 2 (4.65%) in 2013, 1 (2.32%) in 2014, 15 (34.88%) in 2015 and 21 (48.83%) in 2016.

Discussion

The data shows that new designer benzodiazepines use is increasing in Barcelona, especially in the last two years. Abuse an addiction to these drugs may be a new public health problem in Barcelona. Unknown side effects may appear due to lack of information about pharmacokinetic profile of these drugs.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Type
e-Poster viewing: Substance related and addictive disorders
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2017
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