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AS07-03 - Gene-environment Interaction in Suicide Attempts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

Y.J. Ben-Efraim
Affiliation:
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
D. Wasserman
Affiliation:
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J. Wasserman
Affiliation:
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
M. Sokolowski
Affiliation:
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract

Introduction

While suicidal behavior is frequently accompanied by serotonergic system alterations, specific associations with variants of the serotonin 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) have been inconsistent.

Objectives

To confirm and extend previous associations of HTR2A with suicidal behavior.

Aims

To study genetic effects, as well as gene-environment interaction (GxE) and parent-of-origin effects (POE) that may further contribute to association.

Methods

Using a family-based study design of 660 offspring who have made a suicide attempt (SA) and both parents, we conducted an association and linkage analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with extensive gene coverage. We included the study of GxE with physical and sexual assault (with a cutoff age of 18 years), as well as cumulative types of stressful life events (lifetime SLEs). We also studied POE at SNP rs6313.

Results

The main finding was a GxE between rs6313 and exposure to lifetime SLEs in the total sample, driven by overtransmission of CT and undertransmission of TT. Further exploratory analysis revealed a significant POE in this GxE in females which followed a polar overdominant imprinting pattern. In addition, several nominally significant findings were observed with other SNPs, many of which had previously reported and/or hypothesized functional effects.

Conclusions

This study found multiple associations of HTR2A with SA, and strongest statistical evidence for a GxE involving rs6313. It further suggested the importance of taking into account different genetic models of inheritance and GxEs with regard to HTR2A.

Type
Abstract
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2012
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