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Perceived and anticipated stigma in patients with schizophrenia according with the length of illness

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

B. Reneses
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
L. Gallego
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
C. López-Micó*
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
A. Fernández del Moral
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
R. Rodríguez
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
I. Argudo
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
C. Carrascosa
Affiliation:
Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Psiquiatría, Madrid, Spain
S. Ochoa
Affiliation:
Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Psiquiatría, Barcelona, Spain
*Corresponding
*Corresponding author.
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Abstract

Introduction

Perceived and anticipated stigma are relevant issues in patients with schizophrenia. Stigma has negative consequences both in quality of life and in the course of illness.

Objectives

To analyze differences in perceived and anticipated discrimination in two groups of patients with schizophrenia: one with a recent diagnosis of illness and another with a long course of disease.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 100 patients with diagnosis of schizophrenia, 18 or more years old, clinically stabilized, without axis I DSM-IV comorbidity. Patients received treatment in the outpatient services of a catchment area in Madrid. Perceived and anticipated discrimination was evaluated trough the DISC-12 (Discrimination and Stigma scale). Other study variables were: socio-demographic status, length of disease, symptoms of depression (Calgary Scale) and functionality degree measured by Global Assessment of Function (GAF). Two sub-groups of patients were compared: one with a length of illness below 5 years and a second one with a length of illness over 5 years.

Results

Patients with a length of illness longer than 5 years showed elevated degree of perceived and anticipated discrimination compared with patients with less than 5 years of illness course. In the same way, patients with a recent diagnosis of illness showed increased scores in the measure of face the stigma.

Conclusions

Preventive strategies to avoid the stigma in schizophrenia should consider some differences in patients in relationship with the length of evolution of illness in order to be more accurate. Early intervention programs about stigma are necessary.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Type
EW536
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2014

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