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P0093 - Neuroticism does not influence the relationships between tobacco and panic features in the early phases of panic disorder

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 April 2020

B. Rodriguez-Cabo
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
A. Herran
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
M.L. Ramirez
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
M. Carrera
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
F. Hoyuela
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
O. Fernandez-Torre
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
A. Ayestaran
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
D. Sierra-Biddle
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
J.L. Vazquez-Barquero
Affiliation:
Psychiatry Department, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
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Abstract

Background and Aims:

Tobacco consumption has been related to the onset of panic attacks (PA), panic disorder (PD) and agoraphobia, to panic symptoms and to features related to PD. The relationship that links tobacco and panic is not clear, and some models have been proposed to explain it (causal, neuroticism as a vulnerability factor).

Our aim was to study the relationship that tobacco consumption before the onset of PD has with some features of the disorder and to clarify the relationship that links tobacco and panic.

Methods:

A sample of 82 naïve PD patients was included. Patients were extensively evaluated (Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview–MINI-, Panic Disorder Severity Scale–PDSS-, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory–STAI-, Beck Depression Index–BDI-; Anxiety Sensitivity Index–ASI-, Mobility Inventory of Agoraphobia–MIA-, Clinical Global Impression-CGI-, NEO-Five Factor Inventory–NEO-FFI). Tobacco consumption was retrospectively assessed by asking the patients the consumption they had the week before suffering the first panic attack.

Results:

The condition of smoker before the onset of PA showed significant relationships with earlier age of onset of PD (p=0.04), less frequency of PA (p=0.04), and higher scores in BDI (p=0.04) and NEO-FFI neuroticism (p=0.02). After analysis with multiple logistic regression, neuroticism did not show considerably influence on any of these associations.

Conclusions:

Being a smoker before the onset of PA is related, in the early phases of PD, to higher neuroticism and depressive symptoms, less frequency of PA and PD onset at a younger age.

Although proposed as a common vulnerability factor, neuroticism does not influence the observed associations.

Type
Poster Session II: Anxiety Disorders
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2008

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