Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-lmg95 Total loading time: 0.511 Render date: 2021-10-23T02:52:31.750Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Mobile Professionals and Metropolitan Models: The German Roots of Vocational Education in Latin America

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 July 2020

Andrew Schrank*
Affiliation:
Brown University, [andrew_schrank@brown.edu]
Get access

Abstract

The Latin American model of vocational education has been widely portrayed as a homegrown success story, particularly by scholars and stakeholders who are aware of the region’s skill deficits, wary of alien solutions, and suspicious of institutional transfers more generally. Is the Latin American model really homegrown? I use a combination of qualitative and quantitative data to trace the model’s mores and methods not to the New World but to Central Europe and go on to identify three different transmission paths in the 20th century: imitation by Latin Americans of German origin, descent, and/or training in the run-up to World War II; propagation by West German attachés and advisors in an effort to rehabilitate their country’s image in the wake of the war; and adaptation by local employers and policymakers—who received additional support from Germany—at the turn of the last century. The results suggest that institutional importation is less a discrete event or outcome to be avoided than an ongoing process that, first, entails translation, adaptation, and at times obfuscation by importers as well as exporters; and, second, is facilitated by immigrants, their descendants, and diplomats in transnational contact zones.

Résumé

Résumé

Le modèle latino-américain d’enseignement professionnelle a été largement décrit comme une « success story » née sur place, en particulier par les universitaires et ses acteurs qui sont conscients des déficits de compétences de la région, se méfient des solutions venues de l’étranger et sont plus généralement de tout type de transferts institutionnels. Ce modèle latino-américain est-il vraiment local ? Dans cet article, je combine des données qualitatives et quantitatives pour retrouver l’origine des mœurs et des méthodes du modèle non pas dans le Nouveau Monde, mais en Europe centrale, puis j’identifie trois voies de transmission différentes au xx e siècle : l’imitation par des Latino-Américains d’origine, d’ascendance et/ou de formation allemands pendant la période précédant la Seconde Guerre mondiale ; la propagation par des attachés et conseillers de l’Allemagne de l’Ouest dans un effort pour rétablir l’image du pays au lendemain de la guerre ; et l’adaptation par des employeurs et décideurs locaux – qui avaient reçu un appui supplémentaire de l’Allemagne – à la fin du siècle passé. Les résultats suggèrent que l’importation institutionnelle est moins un événement discret ou un résultat à éviter qu’un processus continu qui, premièrement, implique la traduction, l’adaptation et, parfois, la dissimulation par les importateurs et les exportateurs et, deuxièmement, est facilitée par les immigrants, leurs descendants et les diplomates dans les zones de contact transnational.

Zusammenfassung

Zusammenfassung

Das lateinamerikanische Berufsbildungsmodell wird weithin als eine einheimische Erfolgsgeschichte dargestellt, insbesondere von Wissenschaftlern und Beteiligten, die sich der Qualifikationsdefizite der Region bewusst sind, zugleich fremde Lösungen fürchten und institutionellen Transfers meist misstrauisch gegenüberstehen. Ist das lateinamerikanische Modell wirklich „hausgemacht“? Mit einer Kombination aus qualitativen und quantitativen Daten suche ich die Sitten und Methoden des Modells nicht nur in der Neuen Welt zu orten, sondern verfolge sie bis nach Mitteleuropa und kann derart drei unterschiedliche Übertragungswege im 20. Jahrhundert ermitteln: die Nachahmung durch Lateinamerikaner deutscher Herkunft, Abstammung und/oder Ausbildung im Vorfeld des Zweiten Weltkriegs; die Verbreitung durch westdeutsche Attachés und Berater, um das Image ihres Landes nach dem Krieg zu rehabilitieren; und die Anpassung durch lokale Arbeitgeber und Entscheidungsträger am Ende des letzten Jahrhunderts – die zusätzlich von Deutschland unterstützt worden waren. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass die offizielle Einführung weniger ein diskretes Ereignis oder ein zu vermeidendes Resultat ist, als vielmehr ein fortlaufender Prozess, dem erstens Übersetzung, Anpassung und manchmal Verschleierung von Seiten der Importeure und Exporteure zugrunde liegt und der zweitens durch Einwanderer, deren Nachkommen und Diplomaten in überstaatlichen Berührungszonen erleichtert wird.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© European Journal of Sociology 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

I would like to thank the EJS editors and reviewers, as well as participants in panels and workshops at the American Sociological Association, Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics, Latin American Political Economy Network, and the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, for helpful feedback on earlier drafts. All remaining errors are my own.

References

Abbott, Andrew, 1988. “Transcending General Linear Reality,” Sociological Theory, 6 (2): 169186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Agresti, Alan, 2002. Categorical Data Analysis (New York, John Wiley & Sons).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, Christopher, 2004. “Ideas, Institutions and the Exhaustion of Modell Deutschland?,” German Law Journal, 5 (9): 11331154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amorim, Anita, et al., 2013. South-South Cooperation and Decent Work: Good Practices (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
Amorim, Anita et al., 2013. South-South Cooperation and Decent Work: Good Practices (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
Amsden, Alice, 1989. Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization (Oxford, Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
Araya Muñoz, Isabela, 2008. “La Formación Dual y Su Fundamentación Curricular,” Revista Educación, 32 (1): 4561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aring, Monika et al., 1996. Best Practice Compass to Workforce Development (Washington, USAID).Google Scholar
Assumpção-Rodrigues, Marta, 2013. “Skill Formation, Governance, and Democracy in Brazil: The State of the Art of a Public Policy,” Helen Kellogg Institute for Public Policy, Working Paper 390, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana.Google Scholar
Astorga, Pablo et al., 2005. “The Standard of Living in Latin America During the Twentieth Century,” Economic History Review, LVIII: 765796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Atchoarena, David, 1996. “Financing Vocational Education: Concepts, Examples and Tendencies,” in UNESCO, Financing Technical and Vocational Education: Modalities and Experiences (Berlin, UNESCO/UNEVOC: 2752).Google Scholar
Auer, Marietta, 2001. “‘Good Faith’ and its German Sources: A Structural Framework for the ‘Good Faith’ Debate in General Contract Law and under the Uniform Commercial Code,” LLM Paper, Harvard Law School, May.Google Scholar
Beck, Thorsten et al. 2003. “Law and finance: why does legal origin matter?Journal of Comparative Economics, 31: 653675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, Nathaniel, Katz, and Tucker, , 1998Taking time seriously: Time-series-cross-section analysis with a binary dependent variable,” American Journal of Political Science, 42: 12601288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berk, Richard, 2004. Regression Analysis: A Constructive Critique (Beverly Hills, Sage).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkowitz, Daniel et al. 2003. “Economic development, legality, and the transplant effect,” European Economic Review, 47: 165195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernstein, Henry, 2006. “Studying Development/Development Studies,” African Studies, 65 (1): 4562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertucci, Mariano, 2015. “Review of Latin America’s New Era of Regionalism, edited by Andrew Cooper et al.,” Americas Quarterly, 9 (1): 108.Google Scholar
Black, Cyril, 1975. “Russian History in Japanese Perspective: An Experiment in Comparison,” Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas, Neue Folge, Bd. 23, H. 4: 481488.Google Scholar
Black, Cyril, 1978. “Japan and Russia: Bureaucratic Politics in a Comparative Context,” Social Science History, 2 (4): 414426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blossfeld, Hans Peter and Rohwer, Goetz, 2002. Techniques of event history analysis: New approaches to causal analysis (Mahwah NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum).Google Scholar
Blossfeld, Hans Peter and Stockmann, Reinhard, 1998-1999. “Guest Editors’ Introduction: The German Dual System in Comparative Perspective,” International Journal of Sociology, 28 (4): 328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowman, Mary Jean, 1988. “Links between General and Vocational Education: Does the One Enhance the Other?,” International Review of Education, 34 (2): 149171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buchenau, Jurgen, 2001. “Small Numbers, Great Impact: Mexico and Its Immigrants, 1821-1973,” Journal of American Ethnic History, 20 (3): 2349.Google Scholar
Busemeyer, Marius and Trampusch, Christine, 2012. “The Comparative Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation,” in Busemeyer, M. and Trampusch, C., eds, The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation (Oxford, Oxford University Press: 338).Google Scholar
Caballero Tamayo, Xavier, 1969. “The ILO and Development in the Americas,” International Labour Review, 100: 505550.Google Scholar
Campos, Daniela de, 2013. “O Ensino Profissional do Rio Grande do Sul No Início do Século XX,” Paper prepared for presentation at 2014 CEFET MG meeting.Google Scholar
Campos, J. Edgardo et al., 2013. “Escaping the Capability Trap: Turning ‘Small’ Development into ‘Big’ Development,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 6717, December.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carrillo, Susana and Dequech Neto, Napoleão, 2013. “Boosting Vocational Training and Skills Development: A Case of Triangular Cooperation among Brazil, Germany, and Peru,” Integration & Trade, 36 (17): 8592.Google Scholar
Carton, Michel and Tawil, Sobhi, 1997. “Introduction to the Open File,” Prospects: Quarterly Review of Review of Comparative Education, XXVII (1): 1928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casanova, Fernando, 2013. The employment situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Challenges and innovations in labour training (Santiago: CEPAL).Google Scholar
Cassidy, Eugene, 2015. Germanness, Civilization, and Slavery: Southern Brazil as German Colonial Space (1819-1888), PhD dissertation, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
Castro, Alexandre De Carvalho, 2014. “Mental test implementation in the National Technical School in the period between 1942 and 1959: An analysis from the questioning of the notions of center and periphery,” Universitas Psychologica, 13 (5): 17291738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura, 1995. Training policies for the end of the century (Paris, UNESCO).Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 1998. “The Stubborn Trainers vs the Neoliberal Economists: Will Training Survive the Battle?,” Working paper (Washington: IDB).Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 1999. “Vocational and Technical Training: Setting the Record Straight,” Prospects, XXIX: 3753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 2000. How Brazil strengthens its skills: strengths and weaknesses, Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 2002. Formación profesional en el cambio de siglo (Montevideo, OIT/CINTERFOR).Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 2007. “Latin America: the Battle between Borrowing and Creating,” Prospects, 27: 109122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 2008. Is training in developing countries different from training in developed countries?,” UNEVOC Forum. Supplement to UNESCO-UNEVOC Bulletin, 14 (April): 14.Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura 2009. “Do training institutions learn from experience?,” Paper prepared for the NORRAG Conference on Policy transfer or policy learning: Interactions between international and national skills development approaches for policy making Hosted by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva, 25-26 June.Google Scholar
Castro, Claudio de Moura and Alfthan, Claudio, 1992. Five Training Models (Geneva, ILO, Occasional Paper, 9).Google Scholar
Center for Systemic Peace, 2018. Polity IV, Annual Time-Series, 1800-2018 [http://www.systemicpeace.org/inscrdata.html].Google Scholar
Cohn, Samuel, 2012. Employment and Development Under Globalization: State and Economy in Brazil (New York, Palgrave Macmillan).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Confederación Patronal de la República Dominicana, 2001. “Confederación Patronal de la República Dominicana en el INFOTEP,” Presented at the OIT/CINTERFOR Reunión Técnica sobre Los Empleadores y la Formación Profesional en America Latina y el Caribe, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 25-27 April 2002.Google Scholar
Costa, Gilberto, 2013. “Brasil tenta na Alemanha liderança em competição na área de educação professional,” Agência Brasil, 30 June.Google Scholar
Crouch, Colin. 2005. “Models of Capitalism,” New Political Economy, 10 (4): 439456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cuervo, Amalia and van Steenwyk, Ned, 1986. “Colombia’s Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje: A Qualitative Analysis of a Training System,” USAID, August.Google Scholar
Cuervo, Felipe, 2010. “Aprendiendo de las fundaciones,” La República, 30 June.Google Scholar
Culpepper, Pepper, 2003. Creating Cooperation: How States Develop Human Capital in Europe (Ithaca, Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
Cunha, Luiz Antônio, 2012. “Professores e modelos estrangeiros para a educação profissional brasileira (1936/1945),” Interseções, 14 (2): 372407.Google Scholar
De Ferranti, David et al., 2003. Closing the Gap in Education and Technology (Washington, World Bank).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Jong, Martin et al., 2007. “Cross-National Policy Transfer to Developing Countries: Prologue,” Knowledge, Technology, & Policy, 19 (4): 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Jong, Martin and Stoter, Susan, 2009. “Institutional Transplantation and the Rule of Law,” Erasmus Law Review, 2 (3): 311330.Google Scholar
Dore, Ronald, 1973. British Factory-Japanese Factory: The Origins of National Diversity in Industrial Relations (Berkeley, University of California Press).Google Scholar
Dougherty, Christopher, 1989. “The Cost Effectiveness of National Training Systems in Developing Countries,” Population and Human Resources Department Working Paper 171 (Washington, World Bank).Google Scholar
Drake, Keith, 1994. “Policy Integration and Cooperation: A Persistent Challenge,” in OECD, Vocational Education and Training for Youth: Towards Coherent Policy and Practice (Paris, OECD: 143168).Google Scholar
Drezner, Daniel, 2009. “Review of Dani Rodrik, One economics, many recipes: globalization, institutions, and economic growth”, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 22 (1): 190192.Google Scholar
Ducci, María Angélica, 1991. Vocational Training on the Threshold of the 1990s, vol. 2. (Montevideo, ILO/CINTERFOR).Google Scholar
Ducci, María Angélica, 1997. “New challenges to vocational training authorities: Lessons from the Latin American experience,” International Journal of Manpower, 18 (1/2): 160184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, Sebastian, 2010. Left Behind: Latin America and the False Promise of Populism (Chicago, University of Chicago Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichorst, Werner et al., 2012. “A roadmap to vocational education and training systems around the world,” Discussion Paper Series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, 7110.Google Scholar
Escanho, Tatiana, 2015. “Reformation of the WHO and Social Determinants of Health are highlights at the South American Forum for International Cooperation,” January 27.Google Scholar
Estévez-Abe, Margarita, 2005. “Labor Markets, Public Policies and Gender Equality: The Varieties of Capitalism Perspective and Beyond,” Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Evans, Peter, 2004. “Development as Institutional Change: The Pitfalls of Institutional Monocropping and the Potentials of Deliberation,” Studies in Comparative International Development, 38 (4): 3052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fast, Travis William, 2016. “Varieties of Capitalism: A Critique,” Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, 71 (1): 3355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Favell, Adrian, 2003. “Games without Frontiers? Questioning the Transnational Social Power of Migrants in Europe,” European Journal of Sociology, 44 (3): 397427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fechter, Anne-Meike and Walsh, Katie, 2010. “Examining ‘Expatriate’ Continuities: Postcolonial Approaches to Mobile Professionals,” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36 (8): 11971210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferreira, Laura Senna, 2016. “Processos de racionalização e novos desenhos identitários: a reestruturação da indústria da reparação automotiva e do ofício do mecânico,” Revista Sociedade e Estado, 31 (1): 237258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Findlay, Eleide Abril Gordon, 1984. Construindo Ferramentas E A Si Mesmos: Os Ferramenteiros Da Indústria Automobilística, Tese submetida como requisito parcial para a obtenção do grau de mestre em Educação, Fundação Getfilio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
Fortwengel, Johann, 2017. “Understanding When MNCs Can Overcome Institutional Distance: A Research Agenda,” Management International Review, 57: 793814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortwengel, Johann and Jackson, Gregory, 2016. “Legitimizing the apprenticeship practice in a distant environment: Institutional entrepreneurship through inter-organizational networks,” Journal of World Business, 51: 895909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franco, Pedro Rocha, 2013. “Inovação para ganhar mais competitividade,” 2 July, Estado de Minas.Google Scholar
Freedman, David, 1987. “A Rejoinder on Models, Metaphors, and Fables,” Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 12 (2): 206223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
French, John, 2010. “How the Not-So-Powerless Prevail: Industrial Labor Market Demand and the Contours of Militancy in Mid-Twentieth-Century São Paulo, Brazil,” Hispanic American Historical Review, 90 (1): 109142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fukuyama, Francis, 1995. Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity (New York, Free Press).Google Scholar
Galhardi, Regina, 2002. “Financing Training: Innovative Approaches from Latin America,” Paper prepared for the International IVETA 2002 Conference, Mauritius, July 20-24.Google Scholar
Gallart, María Antonia et al., 2003. Tendencias de la educación técnica en América Latina Estudios de caso en Argentina y Chile (UNESCO, Instituto Internacional de Planeamiento de la Educación).Google Scholar
Gasskov, Vladimir, 1994. Alternative schemes of financing training (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
Gerschenkron, Alexander, 1962. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective (Cambridge, Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
GIZ, 2013. “Developing an Environmental Technology Centre (CTA) in Peru: Triangular cooperation Brazil-Peru-Germany,” [https://www.giz.de/en/downloads/giz2014-en-zentrum-umwelttechnologien-peru.pdf].Google Scholar
Goldman, Emily, 2006. “Cultural Foundations of Military Diffusion,” Review of International Studies, 32 (1): 6991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grabendorff, Wolf, 1993-1994. “Germany and Latin America: A Complex Relationship,” Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, 35 (4): 43100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haggard, Stephan, 1990. Pathways from the Periphery: The Politics of Growth (Ithaca, Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
Hall, Peter and Soskice, David, 2001. Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (Oxford, Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hannan, Damian et al., 1996. “Cross-National Research on School to Work Transitions: An Analytical Framework,” OECD Secretariat.Google Scholar
Hanushek, Eric, 2017. “Emulating Germany’s Apprenticeship System Won’t Make America Great Again,” World Post, June 23.Google Scholar
Harhoff, Dietmar and Kane, Thomas, 1997. “Is the German Apprenticeship System a Panacea for the U.S. Labor Market?,” Journal of Population Economics, 10 (2): 171196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helmke, Gretchen, 2010. “The Origins of Institutional Crises in Latin America,” American Journal of Political Science, 54 (3): 737750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hemerijck, Anton and Manow, Philip, 2003. “The experience of negotiated reforms in the Dutch and German welfare states,” in Ebbinhaus, B. and Manow, P., eds, Comparing Welfare Capitalism: Social policy and political economy in Europe, Japan, and the USA (London, Routledge: 217238).Google Scholar
Herrigel, Gary, 1996. Industrial Constructions: The Sources of German Industrial Power (New York, Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
Herrigel, Gary and Zeitlin, Jonathan, 2010. “Alternatives to Varieties of Capitalism,” Business History Review, 84 (4): 667674.Google Scholar
Hertel, Shareen, 2019. Tethered Fates: Companies, Communities, and Rights (New York, Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herwig, Holger, 1986. Germany’s Vision of Empire in Venezuela, 1871-1914 (Princeton, Princeton University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirschman, Albert, 1968. “The Political Economy of Import-Substituting Industrialization in Latin America,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82 (1): 132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hockenos, Paul, 2017. “Donald Trump Finally Found a German Thing He Likes,” Foreign Policy, June 27.Google Scholar
Howes, William, 1975. “Progressive Conservatism in Brazil: Oliveira Viana, Roberto Simonsen and the Social Legislation of the Vargas Regime, 1930-1945,” PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
Huntington, Samuel, 1996. “The West Unique, Not Universal,” Foreign Affairs, 75 (6): 2846.10.2307/20047828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ibarrarán, Pablo and Rosas Shady, David, 2009. “Evaluating the Impact of Job Training Programmes in Latin America: Evidence from IDB Funded Operations,” Journal of Development Effectiveness, 1 (2): 195216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ibarrarán, Pablo, et al. 2019. “Experimental Evidence on the Long-Term Effects of a Youth Training Program,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 72 (1): 185222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ignatieff, Michael, 2014. “Comments in the Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law”, The Effectiveness of International Law, vol. 108: 448468.Google Scholar
INFOTEP, 2010. INFOTEP: 30 años de historias de triunfo (Santo Domingo, INFOTEP).Google Scholar
INFOTEP, 2012a. Estudio de impacto de los egresados de la formación técnico profesional, en las modalidades: Formación Dual, Formación Itinerarios, Formación Continua en Centro, Formación de Maestros Técnicos y Validación Ocupacional (Santo Domingo, INFOTEP).Google Scholar
INFOTEP, 2012b. Memoria Institucional: Períodos Constitucionales, 2004-2012 (Santo Domingo, INFOTEP).Google Scholar
Instituto Salvadoreño de Formación Profesional (INSAFORP) and Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECI), 2006. Proyecto Nacional Formación Ocupacional y Inserción Laboral.Google Scholar
International Labour Office, 2013a. South-South Cooperation and Decent Work: Good Practices (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
International Labour Office, 2013b. “Brazil’s Contribution to the ILO South-South and Triangular Cooperation Strategy, An Overview: 2011-2013,” Geneva, ILO.Google Scholar
International Labour Office-Centro Interamericano para el Desarrollo del Conocimiento en la Formación Profesional (Inter-American Centre for Knowledge Development in Vocational Training), 2013. CINTEFOR 50 Years (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
Jacinto, Claudio, 2008. “Training policies for disadvantaged youth in Latin America: Trends in institutional and learning approaches,” Biennale on Education in Africa Mozambique, May 5-9.Google Scholar
Jackson, Gregory and Deeg, Richard, 2008. “Comparing Capitalisms: Understanding Institutional Diversity and Its Implications for International Business,” Journal of International Business Studies, 39 (4): 540561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacoby, Wade, 2000. Imitation and Politics: Redesigning Modern Germany (Ithaca, Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
Jäger, Matthias and Bührer, Tobias, 2000. Financing TVET (Bern, SDC).Google Scholar
Jaramillo, Miguel, 2013. “From Supply- to Demand-Led: Labour Training in Latin America,” ELLA Policy Brief.Google Scholar
Jimenez, Emmanuel, et al., 1989. “National In-Service Training Programs in Latin America: An Economic Evaluation of Colombia’s SENA,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 37 (3): 595610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Chalmers, 1982. MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925-1975 (Stanford, Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
Johnson, Chalmers, 1999. “The Developmental State: Odyssey of a Concept,” in Woo-Cumings, Meredith, ed., The Developmental State (Ithaca, Cornell University Press: 3260).Google Scholar
Kiely, Ray, 1999. “The Last Refuge of the Noble Savage: A Critical Assessment of Post-Development Theory,” European Journal of Development Research, 11 (1): 3055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiely, Ray, 2000. “Globalization: from domination to resistance,” Third World Quarterly, 21 (6): 10591070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, Herbert and Vidal Luna, Francisco, 2017. Brazil, 1964-1985: The Military Regimes of Latin America in the Cold War (New Haven, Yale University Press).Google Scholar
Kogut, Bruce, 2012. “The Small World of Corporate Governance: An Introduction,” in Kogut, Bruce, ed., The Small Worlds of Corporate Governance (Cambridge, MIT Press: 152).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kohli, Atul, 2004. State-Directed Development: Political Power and Industrialization in the Global Periphery (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuczynski, Pedro-Pablo and Williamson, John, 2003. After the Washington Consensus: Restarting Growth and Reform in Latin America (Washington, Peterson Institute).Google Scholar
Kwak, Jae Sung, 2013. “The Rising Importance of Triangular Cooperation in Asia-LAC Economic Relations,” Integration & Trade, 36 (17): 3952.Google Scholar
Labarca, Guillermo, 1999. “Formación para el trabajo, entrenamiento y capacitación con participación de empresas en la República Dominicana,” in Labarca, G., ed., Formación y empresa: El entrenamiento y la capacitación en el proceso de reestructuración productive (Montevideo, OIT/CINTERFOR: 303340).Google Scholar
Lalenis, Konstantinos, et al., 2003. “Families of Nations and Institutional Transplantation,” University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development, Discussion Paper Series, 9 (12): 249272.Google Scholar
Lambach, Daniel and Debiel, Tobias, 2010. “State failure and state building,” in Cavelty, Myriam Dunn and Mauer, Victor, eds, The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies (Oxford, Routledge: 159168).Google Scholar
LaPorta, Rafael, et al., 2008. “The Economic Consequences of Legal Origins,” Journal of Economic Literature, 46 (2): 285322.Google Scholar
Lewis, Bernard, 1961. The Emergence of Modern Turkey (Oxford, Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
Lima, Raquel Rodrigues, 2000. “Liceu Parobé: um instituto das artes e ofícios,” Arqtexto, 0: 7484.Google Scholar
Lindén, Tord Skogedal, 2009. Whose idea? Family policy in Germany and Norway and the role of international organizations, PhD Dissertation (University of Bergen).Google Scholar
Linz, Juan, 1990. “Perils of Presidentialism,” Journal of Democracy, 1 (1): 5169.Google Scholar
Lipset, Seymour Martin, 1994. “The Social Requisites of Democracy Revisited: 1993 Presidential Address,” American Sociological Review, 59 (1): 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machinea, José Luis, 2005. “Opening Remarks,” IMF-ECLAC Roundtable: Building Prosperity in Latin America and the Caribbean: Macroeconomic and Reform Priorities, May 30, Santiago.Google Scholar
Manz, Stefan, 2014. Constructing a German Diaspora: The “Greater German Empire,” 1871-1914 (New York, Routledge).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marinetto, Mike, 2005. “The Globalization Problematique: A Review Essay,” Sociology, 39 (2): 371379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Márquez, Gustavo, 2001. “Labour Training and Competitiveness in Latin America,” Twelfth International Forum on Latin American Perspectives organised jointly by the Inter-American Development Bank and the OECD Development Centre in co-operation with the Ibero-American Co-Operation Secretariat Madrid, 10 and 12 November 2001.Google Scholar
Marshall, Monty and Jaggers, Keith, 2013 Polity IV Project: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2010 [http://www.systemicpeace.org/polity/polity4.htm].Google Scholar
Merryman, John, 1996. “The French Deviation,” The American Journal of Comparative Law, 44 (1): 109119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meyer-Stamer, Jörg, 1997. Technology, Competitiveness, and Radical Policy Change: The Case of Brazil (London, Frank Cass).Google Scholar
Middleton, John and Demsky, Terry, 1988. World Bank Investment in Technical Education and Training (Washington, World Bank).Google Scholar
Middleton, John and Ziderman, Adrian, 1997. “Overview: World Bank policy research on vocational education and training,” International Journal of Manpower, 18 (1/2): 628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Middleton, John et al., 1991. “Vocational and Technical Education and Training: A World Bank Policy Paper,” Population and Human Resources Department, (Washington, World Bank, Working Paper 24).Google Scholar
Ministerio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo, 2011. Plan Nacional Plurianual del Sector Público, 2011-2014 (Santo Domingo, Ministerio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo).Google Scholar
Ministerio de Trabajo, , 2012. Memoria de Gestión, 2004-2012 (Santo Domingo, Ministerio de Trabajo).Google Scholar
Misztal, Barbara, 1992. “Must Eastern Europe follow the Latin American way?,” European Journal of Sociology, 33 (1): 151179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morlino, Thomas, 2016. The Quality of Democracies in Latin America (Stockholm, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance).Google Scholar
Murillo, M. Victoria and Schrank, Andrew, 2005. “With a Little Help from My Friends: Partisan Politics, Transnational Alliances, and Labor Rights in Latin America,” Comparative Political Studies, 38 (8): 971999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nelso, Roy, 2009. Harnessing Globalization: The Promotion of Nontraditional Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America (University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press).Google Scholar
Offe, Claus, 2000. “Civil society and social order: demarcating and combining market, state and community,” European Journal of Sociology, 41 (1): 7194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
OIT-CINTERFOR (Organización Internacional del Trabajo-Centro Interamericano para el Desarrollo del Conocimiento en la Formación Profesional), 2017. El futuro de la formación profesional en América Latina y El Caribe: Diagnóstico y lineamientos para su fortalecimientos (Montevideo: OIT-CINTERFOR).Google Scholar
Orton, J. Douglas and Weick, Karl, 1990. “Loosely Coupled Systems: A Reconceptualization,” Academy of Management Review, 15 (2): 203223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paryono, Paryono, 2005. “A Cross-National Analysis of When and How Vocational Education is OfferedSEAMO VOCTECH Journal, December: 4149.Google Scholar
Pence, Katherine and Zimmerman, Andrew 2012. “Transnationalism,” German Studies Review, 35 (3): 495500.Google Scholar
Penny, H. Glenn, 2013. “Latin American Connections: Recent Work on German Interactions with Latin America,” Central European History, 46: 362394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penny, H. Glenn and Rinke, Stefan, 2015. “Germans Abroad: Respatializing Historical Narrative,” Geschichte und Gesellschaft, 41 (April-June): 173196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Portes, Alejandro, 2005. “Sociology in the Hemisphere: Past Convergencies and a New Middle-Range Agenda,” in Wood, Charles and Roberts, Bryan, eds, Rethinking Development in Latin America (University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press: 2752).Google Scholar
Portes, Alejandro, 2006. “Institutions and Development: A Conceptual ReanalysisPopulation & Development Review, 32 (2): 233262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pratt, Mary Louise, 1991. “Arts of the Contact Zone,” Profession (Modern Language Association: 3340).Google Scholar
Pritchett, Lant. 2013. “The Regulatory State Goes South in the South,” in Dubash, N. and Morgan, B., eds, The Rise of the Regulatory State of the South (Oxford, Oxford University Press: 225234).Google Scholar
Pritchett, Lant and Woolcock, Michael, 2002. “Solutions when the Solution is the Problem: Arraying the Disarray in Development,” (Washington, Center for Global Development, Working Paper 10).Google Scholar
Pronko, Marcela, 2003. Universdades del Trabajo en Argentina y Brazil: Una historia de las propuestas de su creación (Geneva, ILO).Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam, 2004. “The Last Instance: Are Institutions the Primary Cause of Economic Development?,” European Journal of Sociology, XLV (2): 165188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rafiqui, Pernilla, 2009. “Evolving economic landscapes: why new institutional economics matters for economic geography,” Journal of Economic Geography, 9: 329353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ramalho, José Ricardo, and Santana, Marco Aurélio, 2002. “VW’s Modular System and Workers’ Organization in Resende, Brazil,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 26 (4): 756766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ramírez, Guerrero Jaime, 2002. “The Financing of Vocational Training in Latin America and the Caribbean,” Reference Paper for Inter-American Tripartite Seminar on Training, Productivity and Decent Work, Inter-American Research and Documentation Centre on Vocational Training.Google Scholar
Reinman, Mathias, 2000. “Transatlantic Models: Influences Between German and American Law,” Unpublished talk given to the Korean Society of the Sociology of Law at Seoul National University on June 6.Google Scholar
REVISTA, SENATI 2016. “Primer Centro Tecnológico Bosch-SENATI Fue Inaugurado en El Perú” 78 (sgosto-septiembre): 8–10.Google Scholar
REVISTA, SENATI 2018. “Los trabajos del future que se necistan hoy” 85 (febrero-marzo): 22–25.Google Scholar
Rinke, Stefan, 2013. “Germany and Brazil,1870-1945: a relationship between spaces,” História Ciências, Saúde – Manguinhos, 21(1): 116.Google Scholar
Robalino, David et al., 2012. “Policy Framework: The Economic Rationale for Skills Development Policies,” in Almeida, Rita et al., The Right Skills for the Job: Rethinking Training Policies for Workers (Washington, World Bank: 4966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodrik, Dani, 2000. “Institutions for high-quality growth: What they are and how to acquire them,” Studies in Comparative International Development, 35 (3): 331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodrik, Dani, 2007. One economics, many recipes: globalization, institutions, and economic growth (Princeton, Princeton University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roland, Gérard, 2004. “Understanding Institutional Change: Fast-moving and Slow-Moving Institutions,” Studies in Comparative International Development, 38 (4): 109131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Romer, Paul, 1993. “Two Strategies for Economic Development: Using Ideas and Producing Ideas,” Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Economic Development (Washington, World Bank).Google Scholar
Sabel, Charles et al., 2012. “Self Discovery as a Coordination Problem,” in Sabel, Charles, Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés, Stein, Ernesto H., Hausmann, Ricardo, Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés, eds, Export Pioneers in Latin America (Washington DC, Inter-American Development Bank: 146).Google Scholar
Schmidt, Vivien, 2009. “Putting the Political Back into Political Economy by Bringing the State Back in Yet Again,” World Politics, 61 (3): 516546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schmitter, Philippe, 1971. Interest Conflict and Political Change in Brazil (Stanford, Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
Schneiberg, Marc and Clemens, Elisabeth S., 2006. “The Typical Tools for the Job: Research Strategies in Institutional Analysis,” Sociological Theory, 24 (3): 195227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schneider, Ben Ross, 2013. Hierarchical Capitalism in Latin America (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schrank, Andrew, 2011. “Co-producing Workplace Transformation: The Dominican Republic in Comparative Perspective,” Socio-Economic Review, 9 (2): 419445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seidler, Valentin, 2014. “When Do Institutional Transfers Work? The Relation between Institutions, Culture and the Transplant Effect: the Case of Borno in North-eastern Nigeria,” Journal of Institutional Economics, 10 (3): 371397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SENA (Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje), 1977. 20 Años del SENA en Colombia (Bogota, SENA).Google Scholar
SENAI (Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial), 2008. Relatório 2007, a indústria faz e o SENAI capacita e desenvolve soluções inovadoras,(Brasilia, SENAI).Google Scholar
SENAI (Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial), 2012. SENAI—Actions for Sustainable Development (Brasilia, SENAI).Google Scholar
SENATI (Servicio Nacional de Adiestramiento en Trabajo Industrial [the National Service for Training in Industrial Employment]), 2013. Tripartite Project: Center for Environmental Technologies (Lima, SENATI).Google Scholar
SENATI (Servicio Nacional de Adiestramiento en Trabajo Industrial [the National Service for Training in Industrial Employment]), 2016. “Primer Centro Tecnológico Bosch-SENATI Fue Inaugurado en El Perú,” 78 (August-September): 8-10.Google Scholar
Severo, Lucio, 2012. “Youth and Skills in Latin America: Strategies, Programmes, and Best Practices,” UNESCO. Background paper for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report.Google Scholar
Shapira, Philip, 2008. “Putting Innovation in Place: Policy Strategies for Industrial Services, Regional Clusters, and Manufacturing SMEs in Japan and the United States,” Prometheus, 26 (1): 6987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sherman, John, 2000. Latin America in Crisis (Boulder, Westview).Google Scholar
Singer, J. David, 1987. “Reconstructing the Correlates of War Dataset on Material Capabilities of States, 1816-1985,” International Interactions, 14: 115132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skocpol, Theda, 1979. States and Social Revolutions (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skocpol, Theda and Trimberger, Ellen Kay, 1977-1978. “Revolutions and the World Historical Development of Capitalism,” Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 22: 101113.Google Scholar
Steinmetz, George, 2005. “Return to Empire: The New U.S. Imperialism in Comparative Historical Perspective,” Sociological Theory, 23 (4): 339367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steinmetz, George, 2007. The Devil’s Handwriting: Precoloniality and the German Colonial State in Qingdao, Samoa, and Southwest Africa (Chicago, University of Chicago Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steinmetz, George, 2014. “The Sociology of Empires, Colonies, and Postcolonialism,” Annual Review of Sociology, 40: 77103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steinmetz, George, 2016. “Social fields, subfields, and social spaces at the scale of empires: explaining the colonial state and colonial sociology,” Sociological Review Monographs, 64 (2): 98123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockmann, Reinhard, 1999. “The Implementation of Dual Vocational Training Structures in Developing Countries: An Evaluation of ‘Dual Projects’ Assisted by the German Agency for Technical Cooperation,” International Journal of Sociology, 29 (2): 2965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sturgeon, Tim, et al., 2013. “Brazilian Manufacturing in International Perspective: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Brazil’s Aerospace, Medical Devices, and Electronics Industries,” unpublished report prepared for Brazil’s CNI.Google Scholar
Tanner, Lou, 2008. “Review of Forgotten Continent: The Battle for Latin America’s Soul, by Michael Reid,” Virginia Quarterly Review, 84 (2): 260.Google Scholar
Teubner, Gunther, 2001. “Legal Irritants: How Unifying New Law Ends Up in New Divergences,” in Hall, P. and Soskice, D., eds, Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (Oxford, Oxford University Press, ch. 13).Google Scholar
Thelen, Kathleen, 2004. How Institutions Evolve: The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thelen, Kathleen, 2007. “Contemporary challenges to the German vocational training system,” Regulation and Governance, 1: 247260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thelen, Kathleen and Busemeyer, Marius, 2012. “Institutional Change in German Vocational training: From Collectivism toward Segmentalism,” in Busemeyer, M. and Trampusch, C., eds, The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation (Oxford, Oxford University Press: 68100).Google Scholar
Thomas, Joe, 2013. South-South Cooperation. Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference, 16-20 September 2013 (Bangkok. United Nations Conference Center).Google Scholar
Tomizaki, Kimi, 2008. “Socializar para o trabalho operário O Senai-Mercedes-Benz,” Tempo Social, revista de sociologia da USP, 20 (1): 6194.Google Scholar
Trampusch, Christine, 2008. “Employers, the State, Trade Unions and the Politics of Institutional Change. Varieties of Institutional Change in the Vocational Education and Training Regimes in Austria, Germany and Switzerland,” Unpublished paper.Google Scholar
Trollo, Pete, 2012. “Setting its own course, Brazil foreign aid expands and evolves,” DevEx, July 9.Google Scholar
UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), 2010. Report of the High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation . Sixteenth session (4 February 2010, New York, United Nations).Google Scholar
UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), 2012. Examen de las Políticas de Ciencia, Tecnología e Inovación: República Dominicana (New York).Google Scholar
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), 2009. Enhancing South-South and Triangular Cooperation (New York, UNDP).Google Scholar
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), 2011. Sharing Innovative Experiences: Successful Social Protection Floor Experiences (New York, UNDP).Google Scholar
UNESCO (United Nations Economic, Social, and Cultural Organization), 2013. UNESCO International Bureau of Education (Geneva) [https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000223058].Google Scholar
UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization), 2017. Skills Gap Assessment in Six Priority Sectors of Nigeria Economy October, (Vienna).Google Scholar
Vargas Zúñiga, Fernando, 2017. 25 Hechos Sobre la Formación Profesional en América Latina, el Caribe, y España (Montevideo, OIT/CINTERFOR).Google Scholar
Von Gleich, Albrecht, 1968. “Germany and Latin America,” Rand Memorandum 5523-RC, June.Google Scholar
Wade, Robert, 1990. Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization (Princeton, Princeton University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, Xiaojun Grace and Banihani, Shams 2016. “Scaling-Up South-South Cooperation for Sustainable Development,” UNDP Working Paper.Google Scholar
Weinstein, Barbara, 1990. “The Industrialists, the State, and the Issues of Worker Training and Social Services in Brazil, 1930-1950,” Hispanic American Historical Review, 70 (3): 379404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinstein, Barbara, 1996. For Social Peace in Brazil: Industrialists and the Remaking of the Working Class in São Paulo (Chapel Hill, UNC Press).Google Scholar
Weinstein, Barbara, 1997. “Unskilled Workers, Skilled Housewife: Constructing the Working-Class Woman in São Paulo, Brazil,” in French, John and James, Daniel, eds, The Gendered Worlds of Latin American Workers: From Household and Factory to Union Hall and the Ballot Box (Durham, Duke University Press: 7298).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Westney, Eleanor, 1982. Imitation and Innovation: The Transfer of Western Organizational Patterns to Meiji Japan (Cambridge, Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
Whalley, John and Ziderman, Adrian, 1990. “Financing Training in Developing Countries: The Role of Payroll Taxes,” Economics of Education Review, 9 (4): 377387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, David, 1993. “Reforming Technical and Technological Education,” The Vocational Aspect of Education, 45 (3): 265284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wolfe, Joel, 2010. Autos and Progress: The Brazilian Search for Modernity (Oxford, Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
World Bank, 1991. Vocational and Technical Education and Training (Washington World Bank).Google Scholar
World Bank, 2020, World Development Indicators (Washington, World Bank).Google Scholar
WHO (World Health Organization), 2014. South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Health. Current status and trends (Geneva, World Health Organization).Google Scholar
Zhou, Yiping, 2010. “The Future of South‐South Development Assistance and the Role of the UN,” Remarks by Mr. Yiping Zhou, Director of the Special Unit for South‐South Cooperation in UNDP to the OECD meeting of National Focal Points for Policy Coherence for Development (Paris, OECD).Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Mobile Professionals and Metropolitan Models: The German Roots of Vocational Education in Latin America
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Mobile Professionals and Metropolitan Models: The German Roots of Vocational Education in Latin America
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Mobile Professionals and Metropolitan Models: The German Roots of Vocational Education in Latin America
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response