Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-6g96d Total loading time: 0.225 Render date: 2022-07-03T11:57:41.622Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Behind Clio's Mask: Philosophic History and Its Uses Today

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 September 2012

Abstract

Buultjens examines the utility of history as a paradigm on which to build a prognosis of the future. With examples from the past, the discussion centers around two fundamentals. First, historical patterns may prove to be faulty models as they tend to focus on clusters of events and, usually, on the leaders/victors of that era, hence not representing the entire picture. These leaders, says Buultjens, are typically MCGA-egoists who influence international politics through their personal motives. Second, these historic clusters seldom contain elements yielding enduring or transferable conclusions upon which to build valid prognoses for the future. From historical patterns, several trends emerge: (1) the phaseout of conflict after the Cold War; (2) modern government and media culture prevent the emergence of “political supermen” and minimize disruption; (3) democracy, in its familiar form, curtails its rate of expansion; and (4) the spirit of separatism permeates as a result of collapse of yet another empire. The author is not in favor of disregarding historical analyses, but rather in questioning messages it provides so as not to extract erroneous lessons.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs 1993

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1 Burrow, John W., Gibbon (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985), 2223Google Scholar.

2 Montesquieu's Considerations on the Greatness and Decline of the Romans was published in French in 1734. Several translations exist including The Greatness of the Romans and Their Decline, trans. D. Lowenthal (Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1965)Google Scholar. Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. Several single volume abridgments are in print.

3 Quotation from The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. See Porter, Roy, Gibbon: Making History (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988), 157Google Scholar.

4 For a fuller discussion of Marx's conception of history see McLellan, David, Marx (London: Fontana Press, 1986), 3849Google Scholar.

5 Carlyle, Thomas, On Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History, ed. Niemeyer, Carl (Lincoln NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1966), 1, 77Google Scholar.

6 Hall, John A., Powers and Liberties (London: Penguin Books, 1992), 17Google Scholar.

7 For a useful discussion of this proposition see ibid., 1621Google Scholar.

8 Ibid., 19Google Scholar.

9 In 1922 an abbreviation, A Short History of the World, was published. (Reprinted with a new introduction [London: Penguin Books, 1991])Google Scholar

10 Wells, , A Short History of the World, 309–10Google Scholar.

11 Hall, , Powers and Liberties, 4Google Scholar.

12 Tuchman, Barbara, Practising History (London: PaperMac Books, 1983), 149Google Scholar.

13 Pipes, Richard, “Seventy-Five Years On—The Great October Revolution,” Times Literary Supplement (London), Nov. 6, 1992, p. 4Google Scholar.

14 Hall, , Powers and Liberties, 6Google Scholar.

15 Kennedy, Paul, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers (London: Fontana Press, 1990)Google Scholar; Fukuyama, Francis, The End of History and the Last Man (New York: Free Press, 1992Google Scholar).

16 Coll, Alberto R. in an address entitled Prudence In Statecraft, Miller Center Imprimatur VII (Charllottesville VA: White Burkett Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia, November 1991)Google Scholar.

17 Hans Morgenthau, quoted in ibid.; extracted from Morgenthau, Hans, Scientific Man vs Power Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946Google Scholar).

18 Lippmann, Walter, “Ten Years: Retrospect and Prospect,” Foreign Affairs 11 (October 1932), 51CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

19 Watson, Adam, The Evolution of International Society (London: Routledge, 1992), 320, 106CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

20 See Bell's essays on “The End of Ideology,”“Notes on the Post-Industrial Society I,” and “Notes on the Post-Industrial Society II,” Public Interest, Nos. 6 and 7 (1967)Google Scholar.

21 Phrase used frequently by President George Bush in 1989–91. See, among other speeches, his address at Texas A & M University, New York Times, May 3, 1989Google Scholar.

22 Dunn, John, preface to Democracy—The Unfinished Journey (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), vGoogle Scholar.

23 Kissinger, Henry, A World Restored (Boston MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1957), 331Google Scholar.

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Behind Clio's Mask: Philosophic History and Its Uses Today
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Behind Clio's Mask: Philosophic History and Its Uses Today
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Behind Clio's Mask: Philosophic History and Its Uses Today
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *