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On the specification property and synchronization of unique q-expansions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 September 2020

RAFAEL ALCARAZ BARRERA
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Av. Manuel Nava 6, Zona Universitaria, C.P. 78290. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. México (e-mail: ralcaraz@ifisica.uaslp.mx)
Corresponding
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Abstract

Given a positive integer M and $q \in (1, M+1]$ we consider expansions in base q for real numbers $x \in [0, {M}/{q-1}]$ over the alphabet $\{0, \ldots , M\}$ . In particular, we study some dynamical properties of the natural occurring subshift $(\boldsymbol{{V}}_q, \sigma )$ related to unique expansions in such base q. We characterize the set of $q \in \mathcal {V} \subset (1,M+1]$ such that $(\boldsymbol{{V}}_q, \sigma )$ has the specification property and the set of $q \in \mathcal {V}$ such that $(\boldsymbol{{V}}_q, \sigma )$ is a synchronized subshift. Such properties are studied by analysing the combinatorial and dynamical properties of the quasi-greedy expansion of q. We also calculate the size of such classes as subsets of $\mathcal {V}$ giving similar results to those shown by Blanchard [ 10 ] and Schmeling in [ 36 ] in the context of $\beta $ -transformations.

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Original Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press

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