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Rubella and measles seroprevalence among women of childbearing age, Argentina, 2002

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 May 2005

G. H. DAYAN
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
M. S. PANERO
Affiliation:
Vigi+A Program, Ministry of Health, Buenos Aires, Argentina
A. URQUIZA
Affiliation:
Direction of Primary Care, Salta, Argentina
M. MOLINA
Affiliation:
Lagomaggiore Hospital, Mendoza, Argentina
S. PRIETO
Affiliation:
Scaravelli Hospital, Tunuyán, Mendoza, Argentina
M. DEL CARMEN PEREGO
Affiliation:
Sarda Maternity Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
G. SCAGLIOTTI
Affiliation:
Pirovano Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
D. GALIMBERTI
Affiliation:
Alvarez Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
G. CARROLI
Affiliation:
Martin Maternity Hospital, Rosario, Argentina
C. WOLFF
Affiliation:
Ministry of Health, Buenos Aires, Argentina
D. BI
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
W. BELLINI
Affiliation:
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
J. ICENOGLE
Affiliation:
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
S. REEF
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
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Abstract

To assess rubella and measles susceptibility among women of childbearing age we conducted a cross-sectional seroprevalence study in four cities and one rural area in Argentina. A convenience sample of women aged 15–49 years seeking care in public health-care institutions was selected (n=2804). Serum specimens were tested for rubella and measles IgG antibody titres. The overall susceptibility to rubella and measles was 8·8 and 12·5% respectively. Seroprevalence differences were found for both rubella (P<0·001) and measles (P=0·002) across sites. Rubella seroprevalence was higher in women aged [ges ]40 years than in younger women (P=0·04). Measles seroprevalence tended to increase with age (P<0·001). Approximately 15% of women aged 15–29 years were not immune to measles. No risk factors were associated with rubella seronegativity; however, age (P<0·001) and having less than four pregnancies (P<0·001) were factors associated with measles seronegativity. Our findings support the introduction of supplemental immunization activities targeting adolescents and young adults to prevent congenital rubella syndrome and measles outbreaks over time.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2005 Cambridge University Press
You have Access
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