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Biological Effects–Based Tools for Monitoring Impacted Surface Waters in the Great Lakes: A Multiagency Program in Support of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 January 2014

Drew R. Ekman
Affiliation:
Research Chemist, National Exposure Research Laboratory, USEPA, Athens, Georgia
Gerald T. Ankley
Affiliation:
Research Toxicologist, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, USEPA, Duluth, Minnesota
Vicki S. Blazer
Affiliation:
Research Fish Biologist, National Fish Health Research Laboratory, Leetown Science Center, US Geological Survey (USGS), Kearneysville, West Virginia
Timothy W. Collette
Affiliation:
Research Chemist, National Exposure Research Laboratory, USEPA, Athens, Georgia
Natàlia Garcia-Reyero
Affiliation:
Associate Research Professor, Institute of Genomics, Biocomputing, and Biotechnology, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi
Luke R. Iwanowicz
Affiliation:
Research Biologist, National Fish Health Research Laboratory, Leetown Science Center, USGS, Kearneysville, West Virginia
Zachary G. Jorgenson
Affiliation:
Environmental Contaminants Biologist, Ecological Services, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Bloomington, Minnesota
Kathy E. Lee
Affiliation:
Research Hydrologist, Minnesota Water Science Center, USGS, Grand Rapids, Minnesota
Pat M. Mazik
Affiliation:
Unit Leader, West Virginia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Unit, USGS, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
David H. Miller
Affiliation:
Research Environmental Engineer, National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory, USEPA, Grosse Ile, Michigan
Edward J. Perkins
Affiliation:
Senior Research Scientist, Engineer Research & Development Center, US Army, Vicksburg, Mississippi
Edwin T. Smith
Affiliation:
Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy Program Director, Great Lakes National Program Office, USEPA, Chicago, Illinois
Joseph E. Tietge
Affiliation:
Research Toxicologist, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, USEPA, Duluth, Minnesota
Daniel L. Villeneuve
Affiliation:
Research Toxicologist, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, USEPA, Duluth, Minnesota
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Abstract

There is increasing demand for the implementation of effects-based monitoring and surveillance (EBMS) approaches in the Great Lakes Basin to complement traditional chemical monitoring. Herein, we describe an ongoing multiagency effort to develop and implement EBMS tools, particularly with regard to monitoring potentially toxic chemicals and assessing Areas of Concern (AOCs), as envisioned by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI). Our strategy includes use of both targeted and open-ended/discovery techniques, as appropriate to the amount of information available, to guide a priori end point and/or assay selection. Specifically, a combination of in vivo and in vitro tools is employed by using both wild and caged fish (in vivo), and a variety of receptor- and cell-based assays (in vitro). We employ a work flow that progressively emphasizes in vitro tools for long-term or high-intensity monitoring because of their greater practicality (e.g., lower cost, labor) and relying on in vivo assays for initial surveillance and verification. Our strategy takes advantage of the strengths of a diversity of tools, balancing the depth, breadth, and specificity of information they provide against their costs, transferability, and practicality. Finally, a series of illustrative scenarios is examined that align EBMS options with management goals to illustrate the adaptability and scaling of EBMS approaches and how they can be used in management decisions.

Environmental Practice 15:409–426 (2013)

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Features
Copyright
Copyright © National Association of Environmental Professionals 2013 

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References

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Biological Effects–Based Tools for Monitoring Impacted Surface Waters in the Great Lakes: A Multiagency Program in Support of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative
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