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Some efficient numerical schemes are proposed to solve one-dimensional and two-dimensional multi-term time fractional diffusion-wave equation, by combining the compact difference approach for the spatial discretisation and an L1 approximation for the multi-term time Caputo fractional derivatives. The unconditional stability and global convergence of these schemes are proved rigorously, and several applications testify to their efficiency and confirm the orders of convergence.
A finite difference scheme for the one-dimensional space fractional diffusion equation is presented and analysed. The scheme is constructed by modifying the shifted Grünwald approximation to the spatial fractional derivative and using an asymmetric discretisation technique. By calculating the unknowns in differential nodal point sequences at the odd and even time levels, the discrete solution of the scheme can be obtained explicitly. We prove that the scheme is uniformly stable. The error between the discrete solution and the analytical solution in the discrete l2 norm is optimal in some cases. Numerical results for several examples are consistent with the theoretical analysis.
An efficient numerical method is proposed for the valuation of American options via the Black-Scholes variational inequality. A far field boundary condition is employed to truncate the unbounded domain problem to produce the bounded domain problem with the associated variational inequality, to which our finite element method is applied. We prove that the matrix involved in the finite element method is symmetric and positive definite, and solve the discretized variational inequality by the projection and contraction method. Numerical experiments are conducted that demonstrate the superior performance of our method, in comparison with earlier methods.
A reduced-order model for distributed feedback control of the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-Burgers (BBMB) equation is discussed. To retain more information in our model, we first calculate the functional gain in the full-order case, and then invoke the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to design a low-order controller and thereby reduce the order of the model. Numerical experiments demonstrate that a solution of the reduced-order model performs well in comparison with a solution for the full-order description.
The Yang-Baxter-like matrix equation AXA = XAX is reconsidered, where A is any complex square matrix. A collection of spectral solutions for the unknown square matrix X were previously found. When A is diagonalisable, by applying the mean ergodic theorem we propose numerical methods to calculate those solutions.
A posteriori error estimates of semidiscrete mixed finite element methods for quadratic optimal control problems involving linear parabolic equations are developed. The state and co-state are discretised by Raviart-Thomas mixed finite element spaces of order k, and the control is approximated by piecewise polynomials of order k (k ≥ 0). We derive our a posteriori error estimates for the state and the control approximations via a mixed elliptic reconstruction method. These estimates seem to be unavailable elsewhere in the literature, although they represent an important step towards developing reliable adaptive mixed finite element approximation schemes for the control problem.