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True flies (Insecta: Diptera) from the late Eocene insect limestone (Bembridge Marls) of the Isle of Wight, England, UK

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 October 2019

Wiesław KRZEMIŃSKI*
Affiliation:
Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Ul. Sławkowska 17, 31-016 Kraków, Poland. Email: krzeminski@muzeum.pan.krakow.pl
Vladimir BLAGODEROV
Affiliation:
Department of Natural Sciences, National Museums Scotland, Chambers St., Edinburgh EH1 1JF, UK.
Dany AZAR
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences II, Lebanese University, Fanar – Matn, P. O. box 26110217, Lebanon.
Elena LUKASHEVICH
Affiliation:
Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Str. 123, 117868 Moscow, Russia.
Ryszard SZADZIEWSKI
Affiliation:
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, University of Gdańsk, Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.
Sonja WEDMANN
Affiliation:
Senckenberg Research Institute and Museum, Research station Grube Messel, Markstraße 35, D-64409 Messel, Germany.
André NEL
Affiliation:
CNRS UMR 5202, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CP 50, Entomologie, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005, Paris, France.
François-Marie COLLOMB
Affiliation:
CNRS UMR 5202, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CP 50, Entomologie, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005, Paris, France.
Alain WALLER
Affiliation:
CNRS UMR 5202, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CP 50, Entomologie, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005, Paris, France.
David B. NICHOLSON
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth PO1 3QL, UK.
*
*Corresponding author

Abstract

The Diptera fauna from the late Eocene of the Isle of Wight (Bembridge Marls) is studied including redescriptions of formerly described material. The fauna includes the following taxa: Anisopodidae – one species; Bibionidae – 11 species; Ceratopogonidae – one described and two unidentified species; Chironomidae – undetermined species of three subfamilies; Culicidae – four species; Cylindrotomidae – one species; Dixidae – one species; Keroplatidae – one described and four unidentified species; Limoniidae – 31 species; Mycetophilidae – 14 species; Psychodidae – two species; Scatopsidae – two species; Sciaridae – three species; Simuliidae – an unnamed species; Tipulidae – nine species. Diptera Brachycera: Agromyzidae – unidentified species; Anthomyzidae – two species; Asilidae – two species; Bombyliidae – one species; Chloropidae – one species; Dolichopodidae – unidentified species; Empididae – unidentified species; Ephydridae – two species; Heleomyzidae – unidentified species; Lauxaniidae – unidentified species; Otitidae – one species; Phoridae – unidentified species; Rhagionidae – two species; Stratiomyidae – two species; Syrphidae – unidentified species; Tabanidae – one species. Following new taxa are described: Leptotarsus (Longurio) fragmentatus Krzemiński, n. sp., Leptotarsus (Longurio) wegiereki Krzemiński, n. sp., Tipula (s. lato) anglicana Krzemiński, n. sp. (Tipulidae); Cyttaromyiarossi Krzemiński, n. sp. (Cylindrotomidae); Gurnardia corami Krzemiński, n. gen, n. sp., Pilaria hooleyi Krzemiński, n. sp., Pilaria volodii Krzemiński, n. sp., Cheilotrichia (Cheilotrichia) duplicata Krzemiński, n. sp., Cheilotrichia (Empeda) szwedoi Krzemiński, n. sp., Symplecta (Psiloconopa) gurnetensis Krzemiński, n. sp., Orimarga (Orimarga) lenae Krzemiński, n. sp., Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) azari Krzemiński, n. sp., Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) fasciata Krzemiński, n. sp., Helius (Helius) edmundi Krzemiński, n. sp., Helius (Helius) popovi Krzemiński, n. sp., Dicranoptycha staryi Krzemiński, n. sp. (Limoniidae); Wightipsychoda Azar, n. gen. (Psychodidae); Dilophus andrewrossi Nel, Colomb & Waller, n. sp., Bibiodes massiliensis Nel, Colomb & Waller, n. sp. (Bibionidae); Azana cockerelli Blagoderov, n. sp., Aglaomyia vectis Blagoderov, n. sp., Dziedzickia oligocenica Blagoderov, n. sp., Palaeoempalia saxea Blagoderov, n. sp., Mycomyahoolei Blagoderov, n. sp., Leia gurnardensis Blagoderov, n. sp. (Mycetophilidae); Regmocleminahaennii Krzemiński, n. sp. (Scatopsidae); Sylvicola problematica Krzemiński, n. sp. (Anisopodidae); Palaeoberidops barkeri Nicholson, n. gen., n. sp. (Stratiomyidae). The Diptera fauna and palaeohabitat of the Insect Bed is discussed.

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Copyright © The Royal Society of Edinburgh 2019 

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