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Sociodemographic and Psychological Predictors of Resilience Among Frontline Nurses Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 June 2022

Yan Zhang
Obstetrical Department, Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Yang Xiong
International Medical Center, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Hunan Province, China
Lei Zhang
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Xiaofeng Jiang
Orthopedics Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Xiaoqian Zhuang
Orthopedics Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Lingyao Meng
Orthopedics Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Lingli Peng*
Orthopedics Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Jing Wu*
Medical Department, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
Corresponding authors: Lingli Peng, Email:; Jing Wu, Email:
Corresponding authors: Lingli Peng, Email:; Jing Wu, Email:



According to a WHO report, the number of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has reached 456,797,217 worldwide as of 15 March, 2022. In Wuhan, China, large teams of health-care personnel were dispatched to respond to the COVID-19 emergency. This study aimed to determine the sociodemographic and psychological predictors of resilience among frontline nurses fighting the current pandemic.


A total of 143 nurses were recruited from February 15 to February 20, 2020, to participate in this study. The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were used to estimate the participants’ resilience and mental wellbeing.


Results showed that the nurses displayed a moderate resilience level. Their median depression, anxiety, and stress scores were 1, 2, and 3, respectively, which were negatively correlated with resilience. Female gender, being dispatched to Wuhan, and depression levels were the significant predictors of resilience.


The results suggest that particular attention should be given to nurses who were dispatched to Wuhan and who exhibited depression symptoms, and appropriate measures should be taken to boost their resilience.

Original Research
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.

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