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Moderating Effect of Personal and Community Resilience on the Relationship Between Disaster Trauma, Disaster Conflict, Economic Loss, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2022

Ji-Eun Ann
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea
Sung-Man Bae*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology and Psychotherapy, College of Health Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea Department of Psychology, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea
*
Corresponding author: Sung Man Bae, E-mail: spirit73@hanmail.net

Abstract

Objective:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of disaster trauma, disaster conflict, and economic loss on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and to verify the moderating effect of personal and community resilience in these relationships. The data of 1914 people, aged 20 or above, who had experienced natural disasters (earthquake, typhoon, flooding) were used.

Methods:

Hayes’s (2013) PROCESS macro (Model 1) was conducted to verify the moderation effect of personal and community resilience between PTSD and disaster trauma, disaster conflict, and economic loss.

Results:

Disaster trauma, disaster conflict, and economic loss were found to be positively related to PTSD. Personal and community resilience were negatively related to PTSD. Resilience had a moderating effect on the relationship between disaster trauma, economic loss, and PTSD. However, there was no moderating effect on the relationship between disaster conflict and PTSD. Community resilience had a moderating effect on the relationship between economic loss and PTSD. However, there was no moderating effect on the relationship between disaster trauma, disaster conflict, and PTSD.

Conclusions:

The results suggest that personal and community resilience could be used for prevention and therapeutic interventions for disaster victims who experience PTSD.

Type
Original Research
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.

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