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Correlation Between the Great East Japan Earthquake and Postpartum Depression: A Study in Miyako, Iwate, Japan

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 April 2015

Hidekazu Nishigori
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan
Michiho Sasaki
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Prefectural Miyako Hospital, Iwate, Japan
Taku Obara
Affiliation:
Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Toshie Nishigori
Affiliation:
Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Mami Ishikuro
Affiliation:
Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Hirohito Metoki
Affiliation:
Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Junichi Sugawara
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Shinichi Kuriyama
Affiliation:
Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Akira Hosoyachi
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Prefectural Miyako Hospital, Iwate, Japan
Nobuo Yaegashi
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Takashi Kobayashi
Affiliation:
Kobayshi Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate, Japan
Noboru Yoshizumi
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Prefectural Miyako Hospital, Iwate, Japan
Corresponding

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to explore the correlation between the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and postpartum depression among perinatal subjects in the Miyako region of Iwate, an area damaged by earthquakes and tsunamis.

Methods

We retrospectively compared the percentages of women with scores ≥9 on the Japanese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) among 3 groups of women who gave birth prior to the disaster (before-disaster group: n=141), within 3 months after the disaster (within-3-months group: n=70), and 4-6 months after the disaster (4-6-months group: n=89) at the Iwate Prefectural Miyako Hospital. The risk factors for EPDS scores ≥9 were estimated with multivariate logistic regression analyses.

Results

Compared with the before-disaster group, a significantly greater number of women in the within-3-months group had EPDS scores ≥9 at hospital discharge (31.4% versus 9.9%, P<.0001), whereas women in the 4-6-months group did not (10.1% versus 9.9%, P=.96). In both the after-disaster groups, the destruction of their home (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46-9.26) and dissatisfaction with their living conditions (AOR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.20-7.59) were significantly associated with EPDS scores ≥9.

Conclusions

An increase in postpartum depression was observed after the Great East Japan Earthquake among perinatal women. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2015;9:307-312)

Type
Original Research
Copyright
Copyright © Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc. 2015 

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