Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-p2v8j Total loading time: 0.001 Render date: 2024-05-30T17:26:06.420Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Une forme minimale de coopération

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2009

Cédric Paternotte*
Affiliation:
Bristol University

Abstract

ABSTRACT : Definitions of cooperative action usually provide sufficient rather than necessary conditions. I here define a minimal form of cooperation, which encompasses mass actions, such as demonstrations. Intentional, epistemic, strategic and teleological aspects, mainly obtained from a weakening of pre-existing concepts, are discussed. I also emphasize the key role played by game theoretic concepts in the definition of joint action. Finally, I claim that rationality is a necessary condition of minimal cooperation, whereas classical analysis merely sees rationality as a possible or desirable characteristic.

RÉSUMÉ : La plupart des nombreuses définitions existantes d’une action coopérative en fournissent des conditions suffisantes plutôt que nécessaires. Nous définissons ici une forme minimale de coopération, correspondant aux actions de masse, telles des manifestations. Nous en détaillons les aspects intentionnel, épistémique, stratégique et téléologique, généralement obtenus par affaiblissement spécifique de concepts classiques. Parallèlement, nous soulignons le rôle crucial de concepts issus de la théorie des jeux pour la définition d’une action coopérative. Enfin, nous soutenons que la rationalité d’une action coopérative minimale est cruciale à sa réalisation et pas seulement possible ou souhaitable comme le soutiennent les analyses habituelles.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Philosophical Association 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Références bibliographiques

Aumann, R. et Brandenburger, A. 1995 «Epistemic Conditions for Nash Equilibrium», Econometrica, vol. 63, p. 1161-1180.Google Scholar
Bratman, M. 1992 «Shared Cooperate Activity», The Philosophical Review, vol. 101, n° 2, p. 327-341.Google Scholar
Brewer, M. et Gardner, W. 1996 «Who is this “We”? Levels of Collective Identity and Self Identication», Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 71, p. 83-93.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. 2003 Behavioral Game Theory, Princeton, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Chant, S. et Ernst, Z. 2007 «Group Intentions as Equilibria», Philophical Studies, vol. 133, n° 1, p. 95-109.Google Scholar
Chwe, M.-Y. 2001 Rational Ritual. Culture, Coordination and Common Knowledge, Princeton, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Cubitt, R. et Sugden, R. 2003 «Common Knowledge, Salience and Convention : a Reconstruction of David Lewis’ Game Theory», Economics and Philosophy, vol. 19,p. 175-210.Google Scholar
Dawes, R. 1980 «Social Dilemmas», Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 31, p. 169-193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilbert, M. 1989 On Social Facts, Princeton, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Gold, N. et Sugden, R. 2007 «Collective Intentions and Team Agency», Journal of Philosophy, vol. 104, n° 3, p. 109-137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreps, D. et Wilson, R. 1982 «Reputation and Imperfect Information», Journal of Economic Theory, vol. 27, n° 2, p. 253-279.Google Scholar
Miller, S. 2001 Social Action — A Teleogical Account, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Orbell, J. et Dawes, R. 1981 «Social Dilemmas», Stephenson, G. et Davis, J., dir., Progress in Applied Social Psychology, volume 1, Hoboken, John Wiley and Sons, p. 37-65.Google Scholar
Osborne, M. et Rubinstein, A. 1994 A Course in Game Theory, Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.Google Scholar
Rapoport, A. 1962 «Three Mode of Conflict», Management Science, vol. 7, n° 3, p. 210-218.Google Scholar
Regan, D. 1980 Utilitarianism and Cooperation, Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Searle, J. 1990 «Collective Intentions and Actions», Cohen, P., Morgan, J. et Pollack, M., dir., Intentions in Communication, Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.Google Scholar
Tajfel, H., Billig, M., Bundy, R. et Flament, C. 1971 «Social Categorization in Group Behavior», European Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 1, p. 149-178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tollefsen, D. 2002 «Collective Intentionality and the Social Sciences», Philosophy of the Social Sciences, vol. 32, n° 1, p. 25-50.Google Scholar
Tuomela, R. 2000 Cooperation — A Philosophical Study, Mechelen, Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tuomela, R. 2007 The Philosophy of Sociality — The Shared Point of View, Oxford, Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tuomela, R. et Miller, S. 1988 «We-Intentions», Philosophical Studies, vol. 53, p. 367-389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walliser, B. 2002 «Les justifications des notions d’équilibre de jeux», Revue d’économie politique, vol. 112, n° 5, p. 695-716.Google Scholar