Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-65dc7cd545-rzhp5 Total loading time: 0.213 Render date: 2021-07-25T13:59:15.809Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Context, Intersubjectivism, and Value: Humean Constructivism Revisited

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 November 2020

Jocelyn Maclure
Affiliation:
Université Laval

Abstract

I defend a version of what Sharon Street called “Humean constructivism.” I'll first sketch out why I think that contextual constructivism provides us with a more plausible understanding of the ontological status of values than both Kantian constructivism and moral realism. In addition to its recognition of the role of evolutionary pressures in the emergence of human morality, contextual constructivism must now clarify the role of historical intersubjectivity in the subsequent development of morality. I will then claim that adding a coherentist module to Humean constructivism provides a satisfactory answer to those who fear that contextual metaethical theories can only be non-cognitivist. Finally, I will sketch out why I think that the notion of a mind-independent “space of moral reasons” is largely compatible with Humean constructivism.

Résumé

RÉSUMÉ

Je défends dans ce texte une version particulière de la position que Sharon Street a appelée le «constructivisme humien». J'esquisserai pourquoi je considère que ce constructivisme est préférable à la fois au réalisme moral et au constructivisme kantien sur le plan de la compréhension du statut ontologique des valeurs. Après avoir accepté de reconnaître le rôle des pressions de l’évolution dans l’émergence de la moralité, le constructivisme humien doit toutefois préciser le rôle de l'intersubjectivité historique dans l’évolution subséquente de la morale. J'expliquerai aussi pourquoi je considère que l'intégration d'un volet cohérentiste au constructivisme permet d'atténuer les craintes concernant le caractère potentiellement non-cognitiviste des théories contextualistes. Enfin, j'esquisserai pourquoi l'idée d'un «espace des raisons morales» indépendant, à certains égards, de l'esprit humain est compatible avec le constructivisme humien.

Type
Dossier : Permettre et encourager la circulation des idées : Dialogue face aux défis du bilinguisme / Feature: Promoting the Circulation of Ideas: Dialogue and the Challenges of Bilingualism
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Philosophical Association/Association canadienne de philosophie 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Alfred, Gerald R. 1995 Heeding the Voices of Our Ancestors. Toronto/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Appiah, Kwame Anthony 2008 Experiments in Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Aristotle 2009 The Politics. Trans. by Barker, E.. Oxford: Oxford's Paperbacks.Google Scholar
Aubé Beaudoin, Félix 2014 Faits moraux et évolution : un dilemme pour le réalisme moral, mémoire de maîtrise, Université Laval, disponible en ligne : http://theses.ulaval.ca/archimede/meta/30741.Google Scholar
Bagnoli, Carla 2017Constructivism in Metaethics,” in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy [online], edited by Zalta, Edward N.. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2017/entries/constructivism-metaethics/ (Fall 2017).Google Scholar
Brandom, Robert 2009 Reason in Philosophy. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Darwall, Stephen, Gibbard, Allan, and Railton, Peter 1992 “Toward Fin de siècle Ethics: Some Trends.” The Philosophical Review 101(1): 115189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dennett, Daniel C. 2017 From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
Desmons, Ophélie 2013 Les présupposés du libéralisme politique : quelle justification? John Rawls et l'hypothèse herméneutique, thèse de doctorat, Université de Lille 3 en cotutelle avec l'Université Laval, disponible en ligne : http://www.theses.fr/2013LIL30021.Google Scholar
Dworkin, Ronald 1996Objectivity and Truth: You'd Better Believe It.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 25(2): 87139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Enoch, David 2009Can There Be a Global, Interesting, Coherent Constructivism about Practical Reason?” Philosophical Explorations 12(3): 319339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gabriel, Markus 2015 Fields of Sense: A New Realist Ontology. Edinburg: Edinburg University Press.Google Scholar
Greene, Joshua 2013 Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them. New York: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
Habermas, Jürgen 1984 The Theory of Communicative Action. Vol. I: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Trans. by McCarthy, T.. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
Habermas, Jürgen 1990 Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Trans. by Lenhardt, C. and Weber Nicholsen, S.. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
Heath, Joseph 2012Letting the World In: Empirical Approaches to Ethics.Les ateliers de l’éthique 7(3): 93107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hegel, G.W.F. 1988 Introduction to the Philosophy of History. Trans. by Rauch, L.. Indianapolis: Hackett.Google Scholar
Honneth, Axel 1996 The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Hunyadi, Mark 2008 Morale contextuelle. Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval.Google Scholar
Jacobs, Jonathan A. 2008 Dimensions of Moral Theory. An Introduction to Metaethics and Moral Psychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Joyce, Richard 2006 The Evolution of Morality. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
Kahneman, Daniel 2011 Thinking, Fast and Slow. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
Kant, Immanuel 1992 Fondements de la métaphysique des mœurs [1785]. Trans. by Delbos, V.. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
Kitcher, Philip 2011 The Ethical Project. Cambridge /London: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laden, Anthony Simon 2012 Reasoning: A Social Picture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Larmore, Charles 2004Une éthique des raisons,” in Débat sur l’éthique, edited by Renaut, A. and Larmore, C.. Paris: Grasset, pp. 45–90.Google Scholar
Larmore, Charles 2008 The Autonomy of Morality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maclure, Jocelyn 2006On the Public Use of Practical Reason: Loosening the Grip of Neo-Kantianism,Philosophy & Social Criticism 32(1): 3763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maclure, Jocelyn 2012La philosophie politique analytique et ses critiques,” in Ceci n'est pas une idée politique. Réflexions sur les approches à l’étude des idées politiques, edited by Giroux, D. and Karmis, D.. Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval, pp. 261288.Google Scholar
Manne, Kate 2013On Being Social in Metaethics,” in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, vol. 8, edited by Shafer-Landau, R.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 5073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Alex 2003 An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Moody-Adams, Michele M. 2002 Fieldwork in Familiar Places: Morality, Culture, and Philosophy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Moody-Adams, Michele M. 2016Moral Progress and Human Agency.” Ethical Theory & Moral Practice 20(1): 153168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ogien, Ruwen 1999Qu'est-ce que le réalisme moral?” in Le réalisme moral. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, pp. 3194.Google Scholar
O'Neill, Onora 1989 Constructions of Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Pinkard, Terry 2017 Does History Make Sense? Hegel on the Historical Shapes of Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Plato 2000 The Republic. Trans. by Jowett, B.. Mineola: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
Rawls, John 1951Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.” The Philosophical Review 60(2): 177197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawls, John 1971 A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Rawls, John 1980Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory.” The Journal of Philosophy 77(9): 515572.Google Scholar
Rawls, John 1993 Political Liberalism. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Rorty, Richard 1989 Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scanlon, Thomas M. 1982Contractualism and Utilitarianism,” in Utilitarianism and Beyond, edited by Sen, A.K. and Williams, B.A.O.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 103128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scanlon, Thomas M. 2000 What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scanlon, Thomas M. 2014 Being Realistic about Reasons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Searle, John 2011 Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Singer, Peter 2011 The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stanovich, Keith 2011 Rationality and the Reflective Mind. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Street, Sharon 2006A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value.” Philosophical Studies 12(1): 109166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Street, Sharon 2010What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics?” Philosophy Compass 5(5): 363384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Street, Sharon 2016Objectivity and Truth: You'd Better Rethink It,” in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, vol. 11, edited by Shafer-Landau, R.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 293333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, Charles 1977What is Human Agency?,” in The Self: Psychological and Philosophical Issues, edited by Mischel, T.. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 103135.Google Scholar
Taylor, Charles 1994The Politics of Recognition,” in Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, edited by Gutmann, A.. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 2573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, Charles 2004 Modern Social Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tomasello, Michael 2009 Why We Cooperate. Cambridge: The MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tully, James 2008The Struggles for Indigenous Peoples for and of Freedom,” in his Public Philosophy in a New Key, vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 257288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turmel, Patrick, and Rocheleau-Houle, David 2016Le constructivisme est-il une métaéthique?Revue de métaphysique et de morale 91(3): 353376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vallier, Kevin, and Weber, Michael 2018 Religious Exemptions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waal, Frans de, Macedo, Stephen, and Ober, Josiah 2006 Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Context, Intersubjectivism, and Value: Humean Constructivism Revisited
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Context, Intersubjectivism, and Value: Humean Constructivism Revisited
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Context, Intersubjectivism, and Value: Humean Constructivism Revisited
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *