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Childhood-onset versus adolescent-onset antisocial conduct problems in males: Natural history from ages 3 to 18 years

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 March 2009

Terrie E. Moffitt*
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin at Madison
Avshalom Caspi
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin at Madison
Nigel Dickson
Affiliation:
University of Otago
Phil Silva
Affiliation:
University of Otago
Warren Stanton
Affiliation:
University of Queensland
*
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Dept. of Psychology, 1202 W. Johnson St., Madison, WI 53706

Abstract

We report data that support the distinction between childhood-onset and adolescent-onset type conduct problems. Natural histories are described from a representative birth cohort of 457 males studied longitudinally from age 3 to 18 years. Childhood- and adolescent-onset cases differed on temperament as early as age 3 years, but almost half of childhood-onset cases did not become seriously delinquent. Type comparisons were consistent with our contention that males whose antisocial behavior follows a life-course-persistent path differ from males who follow an adolescence-limited path. As adolescents, the two types differed on convictions for violent crime, personality profiles, school leaving, and bonds to family. These differences can be attributed to developmental history because the two groups were well matched on measures of antisocial conduct at age 18 years: parent-reports, self-reports, and adjudication records. By age 18 years, many conduct-problem boys had encountered factors that could ensnare them in an antisocial future: substance dependence, unsafe sex, dangerous driving habits, delinquent friends, delinquent perceptions, and unemployment. Implications for theory, research design, prevention, and therapeutic treatment of conduct problems are highlighted.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1996

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