Published online by Cambridge University Press: 23 November 2015
Dislocations are line defects in crystalline materials. The Peierls-Nabarro models are hybrid models that incorporate atomic structure of dislocation core into continuum framework. In this paper, we present a numerical method for a generalized Peierls-Nabarro model for curved dislocations, based on the fast multipole method and the iterative grid redistribution. The fast multipole method enables the calculation of the long-range elastic interaction within operations that scale linearly with the total number of grid points. The iterative grid redistribution places more mesh nodes in the regions around the dislocations than in the rest of the domain, thus increases the accuracy and efficiency. This numerical scheme improves the available numerical methods in the literature in which the long-range elastic interactions are calculated directly from summations in the physical domains; and is more flexible to handle problems with general boundary conditions compared with the previous FFT based method which applies only under periodic boundary conditions. Numerical examples using this method on the core structures of dislocations in Al and Cu and in epitaxial thin films are presented.