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Psychiatric Prescriber Attitudes, Experiences, and Proclivities Toward Digital Medicine and How They Influence Adoption of Digital Medicine Platforms

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2021

Charles Ruetsch
Affiliation:
Health Analytics, LLC, Columbia, MD, USA
Dawn Velligan
Affiliation:
University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
Delbert Robinson
Affiliation:
The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Glen Oaks, NY, USA
Chris Jaeger
Affiliation:
JHC Solutions, LLC, San Francisco, CA, USA
William Carpenter
Affiliation:
Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Tigwa Davis
Affiliation:
Health Analytics, LLC, Columbia, MD, USA
Joshua N. Liberman
Affiliation:
Health Analytics, LLC, Columbia, MD, USA
Jennifer Clerie
Affiliation:
Health Analytics, LLC, Columbia, MD, USA
Heidi Waters
Affiliation:
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, USA
Felicia Forma
Affiliation:
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, USA
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Abstract

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Background

Psychiatric prescribers typically assess adherence by patient or caregiver self-report. A new digital medicine (DM) technology provides objective data on adherence by using an ingestible event monitoring (IEM) sensor embedded within oral medication to track ingestion. Despite likely clinical benefit, adoption by prescribers will in part depend on attitudes toward and experience with digital health technology, learning style preference (LSP), and how the technology s utility and value are described.

Objective

is to identify attitudes, experiences, and proclivities toward DM platforms that may affect adoption of the IEM platform and provide direction on tailoring educational materials to maximize adoption. Methods A survey of prescribers treating seriously mentally ill patients was conducted to assess drivers/barriers to IEM adoption. Factor analysis was performed on 13 items representing prior experience with and attitudes toward DM. Factor scores were correlated with prescriber characteristics including attitude and experience with digital technologies, LSP, and level of focus on healthcare cost.

Results

A total of 127 prescribers (56% female, 76% physicians, mean age 48.1yrs.) completed the survey. Over 90% agreed medication adherence is important, visits allow enough time to monitor adherence (84.1%), and tailoring treatment to level of adherence would be beneficial (92.9%). The majority (65.9%) preferred relying upon outcomes data as their learning style while 15.9% preferred opinion leader recommendations and 18.3% information about how the technology would affect practice efficiency. Factor analysis revealed four dimensions: Level of comfort with EHR; Concern over current ability to monitor medication adherence; Attitudes about value of DM applications; and Benefits vs cost of DM for payers. Women scored higher on attitudes about the value of digital applications (p<0.01). Providers who perceive non-adherence as costly, and those who believe DM could benefit providers and patients scored higher on the value of DM (p<.05). Those whose LSP focuses on improving efficiency and prescribers with a higher proportion of Medicaid/ uninsured patients displayed concern about their ability to monitor adherence (p<0.05). Willingness to be a Beta Test site for DM applications was positively correlated with concern about their ability to monitor adherence and attitudes about the value of DM (p <0.01).

Conclusions

Prescriber characteristics including LSP, focus on healthcare costs, and attitudes toward DM may be related to adoption of the IEM platform. Those with more Medicaid/ uninsured patients were more concerned about ability to monitor adherence while those focused-on cost and benefit to providers and patients viewed DM as part of a solution for managing outcomes and cost. Overall, LSP, patient panel size by payer type, and focus on healthcare cost containment should be considered when developing IEM provider training materials.

Funding

Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.

Type
Abstracts
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

Footnotes

Presenting Author: Charles Ruetsch