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Treatment of Severe, Treatment-Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Study of Inpatient and Community Treatment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 November 2014



This research reports on a prospective outcome study of two cohorts of patients with severe, chronic, resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).


One cohort consisted of a total of 52 patients treated in an inpatient setting, while the second group comprised 65 patients treated in a community-outpatient setting. Treatment consistent primarily of intensive graded exposure and self-imposed response prevention augmented with cognitive restructuring.


The groups demonstrated significant improvement over the course of treatment. In the inpatient and community groups, there was significant improvement over the first 12 weeks of treatment, and further improvement between 12 and 24 weeks.


These results suggest that even for patients who have demonstrated treatment-resistance, there may be benefit in intensive behavioral treatment of OCD. In addition it was found that even for those patients with the most profound refractory OCD and complicating factors inpatient stays of up to 24 weeks were effective in reducing symptoms.

Original Research
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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