Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-m9kch Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-18T05:19:19.726Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Partial Kluver-Bucy Syndrome: Two Cases

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 November 2014

Abstract

Kluver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) is a rare neuropsychiatric disorder that may be characterized by visual agnosia, placidity, altered sexual activity, hypermetamorphosis, and hyperorality. Patients with KBS present with a complex behavioral syndrome. KBS is usually associated with lesions of the amygdala or amygdaloid pathways. However, partial KBS may occur in the absence of the classic bilateral temporal lesions. Pharmacologic treatment options have been developed from the results of case reports, which suggest that carbamazepine and antipsychotics may be helpful. We present the cases of two patients with partial KBS who responded favorably to antipsychotic medication.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2001

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

1.Kluver, H, Bucy, PC. Preliminary analysis of functions of the temporal lobes in monkeys. Arch Neurol Psychiat. 1939;2:9791000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2.Cummings, JL, Duchen, LW. Kluver-Bucy syndrome in Pick disease: clinical and pathologic correlations. Neurology. 1981;31:14151422.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3.Gerstenbrand, F, Poewe, W, Aichner, F, Saltuari, L. Kluver-Bucy syndrome in man: experiences with posttraumatic cases. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 1983;7:413417.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4.Conlon, P, Kertesz, A, Mount, J. Kluver-Bucy syndrome with severe amnesia secondary to herpes encephalitis. Can J Psychiatry. 1988;33:754756.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5.Guedalia, JS, Zlotogorski, Z, Goren, A, Steinberg, A. A reversible case of Kluver-Bucy syndrome in association with shigellosis. J Child Neurol. 1993;8:313315.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
6.Lanska, DJ, Currier, RD, Cohen, M, et al.Familial progressive subcortical gliosis. Neurology. 1994;44:16331643.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7.Aichner, F. Die Phenomenologie des nach Kluver und Bucy benannaten Syndroms beim Menshchen. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1984;52:375397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8.Ghika-Schmid, F, Assal, G, DeTribolet, N, Regli, F. Kluver-Bucy syndrome after left anterior temporal resection. Neuropsychologica. 1995;33:101113.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9.Lilly, R, Cummings, JL, Benson, DF, Frankel, M. The human Kluver-Bucy syndrome. Neurology. 1983;33:11411145.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10.Gloor, P. The Temporal Lobe and Limbic System. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1997.Google Scholar
11.Kalivas, PW, Barnes, CD. Limbic Motor Circuits and Neuropsychiatry. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1993.Google Scholar
12.Carroll, BT, Kennedy, JC, Goforth, HW, Dueno, OR. Mania due to general medical conditions: frequency, cost, and treatment. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1996;26:513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13.Burns, A, Jacoby, R, Levy, R. Psychiatric phenomena in Alzheimer's disease, IV: disorders of behavior. Br J Psychiatry. 1990;157:8694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14.Hooshmand, H, Sepdham, T, Vries, JK. Kluver-Bucy syndrome: successful treatment with carbamazepine. JAMA. 1974;229:1782.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
15.Stewart, JT. Carbamazepine treatment of a patient with Kluver-Bucy syndrome. J Clin Psychiatry. 1985;46:496497.Google ScholarPubMed
16.Janati, A. Kluver-Bucy syndrome in Huntington's chorea. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1985;173:632635.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed