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Fabrication of Ceramic, Hollow-Fiber Membrane: The Effect of Bauxite Content and Sintering Temperature

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2024

Nurul Jannah Ismail
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman*
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Suriani Abu Bakar
Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Juhana Jaafar
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Mukhlis A Rahman
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
*E-mail address of corresponding author:


The negative effects of dye-contaminated wastewater on humans and the environment are well known, so the wastewater must be treated carefully before discharge into the environment. To overcome those impacts, the search for environmentally friendly and low-cost materials is essential, especially in developing countries The objective of the present study was to determine the feasibility of using bauxite from Malaysia as a new and efficient ceramic, hollow-fiber membrane for the degradation of reactive dyes in wastewater. A porous, hollow-fiber membrane was fabricated from bauxite (BHFM) using a phase-inversion technique, followed by sintering at various temperatures. The BHFM consisted of two types of voids, having either a finger-like or a sponge-like structure. As the sintering temperature was increased, the porosity of the BHFM decreased from 46.5 to 9.5%. The greatest mechanical strength of 308.1 MPa was achieved when the BHFM was loaded with 55 wt.% of bauxite and sintered at 1450°C. The remaining 45 wt.% consisted of solvent, polymer binder, and dispersant. The BHFM functioned well as a membrane for microfiltration and a support membrane for ultrafiltration. BHFM with loading of 45 wt.%, 50 wt.%, and 55 wt.% successfully eliminated 90%, 94%, and 98% of 10 ppm reactive dye (RB5) when sintered at the highest temperature.

Copyright © Clay Minerals Society 2020

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