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Saponite, Corrensite and Chlorite-Saponite Mixed-Layers in the Sancerre-Couy Deep Drill-Hole (France)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 July 2018

D. Beaufort
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Pétrologie des Altérations Hydrothermales, URA 721 CNRS, Université Poitiers, 40 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
A. Meunier
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Pétrologie des Altérations Hydrothermales, URA 721 CNRS, Université Poitiers, 40 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France

Abstract

The clay deposits in fractures of the metamorphic basement under the Paris Basin sedimentary formations at Sancerre-Couy (France) are composed of trioctahedral species which are exceptionally well crystallized. Three samples were chosen in order to study the chemical composition of 100% expandable saponite, 50% expandable corrensite and 10% expandable chlorite-saponite mixed-layer mineral C90–S10 Two sets of microchemical analyses were performed in order to determine the variations of the composition on large and small numbers of particles. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Mössbauer spectrometry were performed on purified samples.

The mathematical decomposition of Si, Al and Mg histograms established from microanalyses of a large number of crystals of saponite, corrensite and C90–S10 evidences bimodal populations. The total Fe content of the three species is unimodal whatever the chemical composition of the surrounding rock and the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio. The structural formulae established from a large number of microanalyses of a few particles show that there are no parental relationships between saponite, corrensite and C90–S10. The expandable layer of corrensite is characterized by a high charge. It is proposed that the tetrahedral sheets adjacent to the brucitic sheet and the exchangeable interlayer in a 2 : 1 unit are identical in corrensite.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 1994

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