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Influence of zirconia on the sintering behaviour and mechanical properties of reaction-sintered mullite-based composite ceramics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 October 2022

Zhenying Liu*
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China State Key Laboratory of Mining Response and Disaster Prevention and Control in Deep Coal Mines, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China Anhui International Joint Research Center for Nano Carbon-based Materials and Environmental Health, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Nan Xie
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Shouwu Huang
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Hanxin Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Chongmei Wu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Kai Cui
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Yin Liu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China State Key Laboratory of Mining Response and Disaster Prevention and Control in Deep Coal Mines, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China Anhui International Joint Research Center for Nano Carbon-based Materials and Environmental Health, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Hongzheng Zhu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Jinbo Zhu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China State Key Laboratory of Mining Response and Disaster Prevention and Control in Deep Coal Mines, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
Changguo Xue
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China

Abstract

High-performance mullite-based composite ceramics were prepared successfully using natural kaolin and alumina as raw materials and ZrO2 as an additive. The influence of sintering temperature and ZrO2 content on the sintering behaviour and mechanical properties of zirconia-toughened mullite ceramics was studied systematically. With increasing sintering temperature from 1450°C to 1560°C, the primary phases of as-sintered composite ceramics were mullite and corundum with a small amount of ZrO2, and the bulk density of the composite ceramics increased from 2.29 to 2.72 g cm–3. Furthermore, the ZrO2 phase transition promoted transgranular fracture, and ZrO2 grains were pinned at the grain boundaries, thereby enhancing the mechanical strength of the composite ceramics. Moreover, the AZS12 sample, with 12 wt.% ZrO2 and sintered at 1560°C, had the greatest flexural strength and fracture toughness of 91.6 MPa and 2.47 MPa m–1/2, respectively. Adding ZrO2 to the composite ceramics increased their flexural strength by ~37.6%.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: M. Dondi

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