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Road Expansion and Off-Farm Work in Rural China*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 May 2014

Fangbin Qiao
China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing.
Scott Rozelle
Stanford University.
Jikun Huang
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.
Linxiu Zhang
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.
Renfu Luo*
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.
Email: (corresponding author).


This study estimates the impact of road expansion on off-farm activities in rural China. To achieve this goal, econometric models that capture the impact of road expansion on migration and local off-farm works are developed and estimated using individual data. Estimation results show that road expansion encourages farmers to participate in local off-farm work rather than migrate. In addition, road expansion also has a significant impact on the working time and income of local off-farm work.

Copyright © The China Quarterly 2014 

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The authors would like to thank the staff members of the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, who worked so hard in collecting the data for this study. The authors also acknowledge the financial support of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (2012ZD008 and 2011RC102) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71033003 and 71273290).



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