Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-mb7zs Total loading time: 0.183 Render date: 2021-06-20T05:21:18.763Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Poverty in China's Colleges and the Targeting of Financial Aid*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 October 2013

Hongbin Li
Affiliation:
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University.
Lingsheng Meng
Affiliation:
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University.
Xinzheng Shi
Affiliation:
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University.
Binzhen Wu
Affiliation:
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University.
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

We use the Chinese College Student Survey, conducted in 2010, to examine levels of poverty among students on China's campuses. With the poverty line defined as the college-specific expenditures a student needs to maintain a basic living standard on campus, we find that 22 per cent of college students in China are living in poverty. Poverty is more severe among students from rural or western parts of the country. With a targeting count error of more than 50 per cent, it is important that the college need-based aid programme be improved. Lacking other income sources, poor students rely heavily on loans and paid employment to finance their college education.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The China Quarterly 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

*

All four authors are affiliated to the China Data Center of Tsinghua University. Hongbin Li acknowledges the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project ID: 71025004 and 71121001). Xinzheng Shi acknowledges the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project ID: 71103108). Binzhen Wu acknowledges the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project ID: 70903042 and 71373136). We also acknowledge data support from the China Data Center of Tsinghua University.

References

Bettinger, Eric. 2004. “How financial aid affects persistence.” In Hoxby, Caroline (ed.), College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay for It. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 201238.Google Scholar
Chen, Xiaoyu, and Min, Wei-fang. 1999. “Chengben buchang dui gaodeng jiaoyu jihui jundeng de yingxiang” (The effect of cost-sharing on the equality of educational opportunity). Jiaoyu yu jingji 3, 16.Google Scholar
Chung, Yueping, and Lu, Genshu. 2003. “Gaodeng jiaoyu chengben huishou dui gongping de yingxiang” (The equity effects of cost-recovery in higher education). Beijing daxue jiaoyu pinglun 1(2), 5264.Google Scholar
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 2008. The CIA World Factbook, 2008. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency.Google Scholar
Desjardins, Stephen L., Ahlburg, Dennis A. and McCall, Brian P.. 2002. “Simulating the longitudinal effects of changes in financial aid on student departure from college.” Journal of Human Resources 37, 653–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ding, Xiaohao. 2000. “Dui Zhongguo gaodeng yuanxiao bu tong jiating shouru xuesheng qunti de diaocha baogao” (The report on the survey on college students with different family incomes). Qinghua daxue jiaoyu yanjiu 12, 102108.Google Scholar
Deming, David, and Dynarski, Susan M.. 2009. “Into college, out of poverty? Policies to increase the postsecondary attainment of the poor.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 153.Google Scholar
Dynarski, Susan M. 2002. “The behavioral and distributional implications of aid for college.” American Economic Review 92(2), 279285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dynarski, Susan M. 2003. “Does aid matter? Measuring the effect of student aid on college attendance and completion.” American Economic Review 93(1), 279288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fan, Shenggen, Zhang, Linxiu and Zhang, Xiaobo. 2004. “Reforms, investment, and poverty in rural China.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 52(2), 395421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fang, Cheng, Zhang, Xiaobo and Fan, Shenggen. 2002. “Emergence of urban poverty and inequality in China: evidence from household survey.” China Economic Review 13, 430443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldrick-Rab, Sara. 2006. “Following their every move: an investigation of social class differences in college pathways.” Sociology of Education 79(1), 6179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gustafsson, Björn, and Li, Shi. 2004. “Expenditures on education and health care and poverty in rural China.” China Economic Review 15, 292301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holzer, Harry, Schanzenbach, Diane W., Duncan, Greg J. and Ludwig, Jens. 2007. “The economic costs of poverty,” 24 January, http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2007/01/pdf/poverty_report.pdf. Accessed 19 September 2013.Google Scholar
Jalan, Jyotsna, and Ravallion, Martin. 1998. “Transient poverty in post-reform rural China.” Journal of Comparative Economics 26, 338357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kanbur, Ravi, and Zhang, Xiaobo. 1999. “Which regional inequality: rural–urban or coast–inland?Journal of Comparative Economics 27, 686701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kane, Thomas J. 2004. “College going and inequality.” In Neckerman, Kathryn (ed.), Social Inequality. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Li, Wenli. 2006a. “Gaodeng jiaoyu caizheng zhengce dui ruxue jihui he ziyuan fenpei gongping de cujin” (The role of higher education financing policy in providing equal enrolment opportunity and resource distribution). Beijing daxue jiaoyu pinglun 4(2), 3446.Google Scholar
Li, Wenli. 2006b. “Gaodeng jiaoyu siren zhichu, jiating gongxian yu zizhu xuqiu fenxi” (Private expenditures, family contributions and financial aid need analysis in China higher education). Jiaoyu yu jingji 3, 1417.Google Scholar
Li, Wenli. 2007. “Family background, financial constraints and higher education attendance in China.” Economics of Education Review 26, 725735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meng, Xin, Gregory, Robert and Wang, Youjuan. 2005. “Poverty, inequality, and growth in urban China, 1986–2000.” Journal of Comparative Economics 33(4), 710729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). 2012. “The condition of education, 2012,” http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2012/2012045.pdf, Table A-40-1, Table A-41-1. Accessed 19 September 2013.Google Scholar
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 2011. “Education at a glance: OECD indicators 2011,” 13 September, www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011. Accessed 19 September 2013.Google Scholar
Park, Albert, and Wang, Sangui. 2001. “China's poverty statistics.” China Economic Review 12, 384398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Park, Albert, Wang, Sangui and Wu, Guobao. 2002. “Regional poverty targeting in China.” Journal of Public Economics 86(1), 123153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ravallion, Martin. 2010. “A comparative perspective on poverty reduction in Brazil, China, and India.” World Bank Research Observer 26(1), 71104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ravallion, Martin, and Chen, Shaohua. 2007. “China's (uneven) progress against poverty.” Journal of Development Economics 82(1), 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rozelle, Scott D., Huang, Jikun, Zhang, Linxiu and Li, Xiaofei. 2008. “China's labor transition and future educational challenges,” http://www.stanford.edu/group/siepr/cgi-bin/scid/?q=system/files/shared/Rozelle_10-20-08.pdf. Accessed 19 September 2013.Google Scholar
Singell, Larry D. 2004. “Come and stay a while: does financial aid effect retention conditioned on enrollment at a large public university?Economics of Education Review 23(5), 459471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Po. 2010. “Who gets more financial aid in China? A multilevel analysis.” International Journal of Educational Development 30(6), 560569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Po. 2011. “The Impact of financial aid on learning, career decisions, and employment: evidence from recent Chinese college students.” Chinese Education & Society 44(1), 2757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Poverty in China's Colleges and the Targeting of Financial Aid*
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Poverty in China's Colleges and the Targeting of Financial Aid*
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Poverty in China's Colleges and the Targeting of Financial Aid*
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *