Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-7wlv9 Total loading time: 0.204 Render date: 2022-05-16T19:56:32.453Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Can China Bring Back the Best? The Communist Party Organizes China's Search for Talent*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 September 2013

David Zweig*
Affiliation:
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
Huiyao Wang
Affiliation:
Center for China and Globalization, Beijing.
*
Email: sozweig@ust.hk (corresponding author).

Abstract

For some developing countries, the international flow of their human talent in the recent decade was more of a “reverse brain gain” than a “brain drain.” China, too, joined the group of states whose students, after studying abroad, now found sufficient opportunity and an acceptable quality of life back home to make returning after graduation a reasonable option. Still, China had not succeeded in bringing back the very best scientists and academics. To remedy this problem, the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party became actively involved in the recruitment process. The key programme was the “1000 Talents” Plan, introduced in 2008 by Politburo member Li Yuanchao, who had a visionary perspective on reverse migration. This programme has succeeded in bringing back entrepreneurs full time; but it has not attracted the very best of the Chinese scientists and academics who studied and lived overseas to return fulltime.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The China Quarterly 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

*

Research assistance was provided by Sam Sun.

References

Agunias, Dovelyn Rannveig, and Newland, Kathleen. 2007. Circular Migration and Development: Trends, Policy Routes, and Ways Forward. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.Google Scholar
Borjas, George J., and Bratsberg, Bernt. 1996. “Who leaves? The outmigration of the foreign-born.” Review of Economics and Statistics 78 (1), 165176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Capacity Development Group, United Nations Development Programme. 2007. “Case evidence on ‘brain gain’.” Capacity Development Action Briefs 1.Google Scholar
Cao, Cong. 2004. China's Efforts at Turning “Brain Drain” into “Brain Gain.” Singapore: National University of Singapore East Asian Institute.Google Scholar
Cao, Cong. 2008. “China's brain drain at the high end: Why government policies have failed to attract first-rate academics to return,” Asian Population Studies 4 (3), 331345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Malden: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
Cerase, Francesco P. 1974. “Expectations and reality: a case study of return migration from the United States to Southern Italy.” International Migration Review 8 (2), 245262.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, Changgui, and Zweig, David. 1998. “Duiwai kaifang yu Zhongguo daxue” (China's open policy and Chinese universities), Gaodeng jiaoyu yanjiu 77 (1), 5056, reprinted in Xinhua wenzhai 4 (1998), 158–162, and Fuyin baokan ziliao Gaodeng jiaoyu G4 (1998), 36–42.Google Scholar
Co, Catherine Y., Gang, Ira N. and Yun, Myeong-Su. 2000. “Returns to returning.” Journal of Population Economics 13, 5779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xin, Hao. 2006. “Frustrations mount over China's high-priced hunt for trophy professors.” Science 313 (22), 1721–23.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hao, Xin. 2009. “Help wanted: 2000 leading lights to inject a spirit of innovation,” Science 325 (5940), 534–35.Google Scholar
Hermann, Charles F. 1990. “Changing course: when governments choose to redirect foreign policy.” International Studies Quarterly 34 (1), 321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jonkers, Koen. 2010. Mobility, Migration and the Chinese Scientific Research System. New York: Routledge Contemporary China Series.Google Scholar
Li, Cheng. 2005. “Coming home to teach: status and mobility of returnees in China's higher education.” In Li, Cheng (ed.) Bridging Minds Across the Pacific: The U.S.-China Educational Exchanges 1978–2003. Lanham: Lexington Books, 69110.Google Scholar
Miao, Danguo. 2010. Chuguo liuxue liushi nian (Sixty Years of Overseas Study). Beijing: Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe.Google Scholar
Newland, Kathleen. 2009. Circular Migration and Human Development, Human Development Research Paper, no. 42. New York: United Nations Development Programme.Google Scholar
Normile, Dennis. 2006. “Scientific workforce: many overseas Chinese researchers find coming home a revelation,” Science 313 (5794), 1722–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Neil, Kevin. “Brain drain and gain: the case of Taiwan,” Migration Information Source, www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=155. Accessed on 6 February 2006.Google Scholar
Saxenian, AnnaLee. 2006. The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in a Global Economy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Saxenian, AnnaLee, Motoyama, Yasuyuki and Quan, Xiaohong. 2002. Local and Global Networks of Immigrant Professionals in Silicon Valley. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California.Google Scholar
Sheff, David. 2002. China Dawn: The Story of a Technology and Business Revolution. New York: Harper Business.Google Scholar
Simon, Denis Fred, and Cao, Cong. 2010. China's Emerging Technological Edge: Assessing the Role of High-End Talent. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Simon, Denis Fred, and Cao, Cong. 2011. “Human resources: national talent safari.” China Economic Quarterly 15 (2), 1519.Google Scholar
Song, Hahzoong. 1997. “From brain drain to reverse brain drain: three decades of Korean experience.” Science, Technology and Society 2 (2), 317345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sussman, Nan M. 2010. Return Migration and Identity: A Global Phenomenon, a Hong Kong Case. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vanhonacker, Wilfried, Zweig, David and Chung, Siu Fung. 2006. “Transnational or social capital? Returned scholars as private entrepreneurs.” In Tsui, Anne S., Bian, Yanjie and Cheng, Leonard (eds.), China's Domestic Private Firms: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Management and Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe. 6581.Google Scholar
Wang, Huiyao. 2009. Rencai zhanzheng: quanqiu zui xique ziyuan de zhengdou zhan (Talent War: The Fierce Competition over the World's Most Scarce Resource). Beijing: China Citic Press.Google Scholar
Wu, Jiang. 2011. “Haiwai yincai ‘qian ren jihua’ de chengxiao yu sikao” (Reflections and results of the “1000 Talents Plan” to bring in overseas talent). Paper presented at the “10th Conference on the International Exchange of Professionals,” State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, Shenzhen, 4–5 November 2011.Google Scholar
Zhou, Yu. 2008. The Inside Story of China's High-Tech Industry: Making Silicon Valley in Beijing. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Zweig, David, and Chen, Changgui. 1995. China's Brain Drain to the United States: The Views of Overseas Students and Scholars in the 1990s. Berkeley: Institute for East Asian Studies.Google Scholar
Zweig, David, Chung, Siu Fung and Vanhonacker, Wilfried. 2006. “Rewards of technology: explaining China's reverse migration.” Journal of International Migration and Integration 7 (4), 449471.Google Scholar
70
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Can China Bring Back the Best? The Communist Party Organizes China's Search for Talent*
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Can China Bring Back the Best? The Communist Party Organizes China's Search for Talent*
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Can China Bring Back the Best? The Communist Party Organizes China's Search for Talent*
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *