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Repair of double outlet right ventricle with doubly-committed ventricular septal defect

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 August 2006

Hideki Uemura
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
Toshikatsu Yagihara
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
Takayuki Kadohama
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
Youichi Kawahira
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
Yoshiro Yoshikawa
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan

Abstract

Objective: To investigate our surgical results of intraventricular rerouting in patients having double outlet right ventricle with doubly-committed ventricular septal defect. Methods: We undertook repair in 8 patients with this particular feature. Of these, 2 patients had pulmonary stenosis, and another had interruption of the aortic arch. The subarterial defect was unequivocally related to both the aortic and the pulmonary orifices in all, albeit slightly deviated towards the aortic orifice in one, and towards the pulmonary orifice in another. Intraventricular rerouting was carried out via incisions to the right atrium and the pulmonary trunk. To ensure reconstruction of an unobstructed pulmonary pathway, a limited right ventriculotomy was made in 5. Results: All patients survived the procedure, and are currently doing well, with follow-up of 25 to 194 months, with a mean of 117 ± 68 months. Catheterization carried out 16 ± 6 months after repair demonstrated excellent ventricular parameters. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure was 16 ± 7 mmHg, being higher than 20 mmHg in 2 patients. No significant obstruction was found between the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries. A pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract became significant in one patient in whom a small outlet septum was present, and a heart-shaped baffle had been used for intraventricular rerouting. Reoperation was eventually needed in this patient for treatment of the obstruction, which proved to be progressive. Conclusion: Precise recognition of the morphologic features is of paramount importance when choosing the optimal options for biventricular repair in patients with double outlet right ventricle and doubly-committed interventricular communication.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
2001 Cambridge University Press

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