Published online by Cambridge University Press: 17 November 2015
In many developing countries, children with CHD are now receiving surgical repair or palliation for their complex medical condition. Consequently, parents require more in-depth discharge education programmes to enable them to recognise complications and manage their children’s care after hospital discharge. This investigation evaluated the effectiveness of a structured nurse-led parent discharge teaching programme on nurse, parent, and child outcomes in India.
A quasi-experimental investigation compared nurse and parent home care knowledge before and at two time points after the parent education discharge instruction program’s implementation. Child surgical-site infections and hospital costs were compared for 6 months before and after the discharge programme’s implementation.
Both nurses (n=63) and parents (n=68) participated in this study. Records of 195 children who had undergone cardiac surgery were reviewed. Nurses had a high-level baseline home care knowledge that increased immediately after the discharge programme’s implementation (T1=24.4±2.89; T2=27.4±1.55; p<0.005; 30 point scale), but decreased to near baseline (T3=23.8±3.4; ns) 4 months after the programme’s implementation. Nurse teaching documentation increased by 56% after the programme’s implementation. Parent knowledge scores increased from 1.76±1.4 for Cohort 1 to 3.68±0.852 for Cohort 2 (p<0.005; 0–4 scale) after the discharge programme’s implementation. Surgical-site infections decreased from 27% in Cohort 1 to 2% in Cohort 2 (p>0.05) after the programme’s implementation.
Nurse, parent, and child outcomes were improved after implementation of the structured nurse-led parent discharge programme for parents in India. Structured nurse-led parent discharge programmes may help prepare parents to provide better home care for their children after cardiac surgery. Further investigation of causality and influencing factors is warranted.