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Echocardiographic evaluation of coronary arteries in congenital heart disease*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 December 2015

Grace Freire*
John Hopkins All Children’s Heart Institute, All Children’s Hospital, , St Petersburg, Florida, United States of America
Michelle S. Miller
John Hopkins All Children’s Heart Institute, All Children’s Hospital, , St Petersburg, Florida, United States of America
Correspondence to: Dr G. Freire, MD, Johns Hopkins All Children’s Heart Institute, 2nd Floor Outpatient Care Center # 206601, 5th Street South, Saint Petersburg, FL 33701, United States of America. Tel: 727-767-6483; Fax: 727-767-8990; E-mail:


Among populations of patients with the congenital heart disease, there is considerable diversity in the anatomy of the coronary arteries. Understanding these anatomical differences is vitally important in directing interventions and surgical repair. In this report, the authors describe the echocardiographic evaluation of the variants of coronary artery anatomy in the following lesions: transposition of the great arteries, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, double-inlet left ventricle, common arterial trunk, tetralogy of Fallot, and double-outlet right ventricle.

Original Articles
© Cambridge University Press 2015 

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Presented at the Johns Hopkins All Children’s Heart Institute’s 15th Annual International Symposium on Congenital Heart Disease, Saint Petersburg, Florida, United States of America, from Friday, 6 February, 2015, to Monday, 9 February, 2015.


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