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A comparison between the early and mid-term results of surgical as opposed to percutaneous closure of defects in the oval fossa in children aged less than 6 years

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 December 2006

Gianfranco Butera
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Mariella Lucente
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Luca Rosti
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Massimo Chessa
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Angelo Micheletti
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Alessandro Giamberti
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Luciane Piazza
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Raul Abella
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Alessandro Frigiola
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy
Mario Carminati
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, San Donato Milanese Hospital, Italy

Abstract

Objectives: To compare surgical as opposed to percutaneous interventional closure of isolated atrial septal defects in the oval fossa in terms of hospital stay, efficacy, and complications, and to study the respective role of the two techniques in current practice. Methods: Between January 1998 and April 2004, 126 out of 1210 patients treated at our institution for closure of an isolated defect in the oval fossa were aged less than 6 years. The mean age of these 126 patients at procedure was 4.2 plus or minus 1 year. The ratio of females to males was 74 to 52. Results: Of the patients, 62% were treated successfully using a percutaneous approach. The groups treated surgically or percutaneously did not differ for age, gender, or indications for treatment. No deaths occurred. The rates of total and major complications were higher in the group undergoing surgical closure, at 34% versus 9%, p less than 0.0001, and 10.5% versus 1%, p equal to 0.01, respectively. Embolisation of the device requiring subsequent surgery occurred in 1% of patients. The stay in hospital was shorter in those closed percutaneously, at 3.2 plus or minus 0.9 days versus 6.8 plus or minus 2.8 days, p equal to 0.0001. During a mean follow-up of 3.4 plus or minus 1.9 years, no major complications occurred in either group, and symptoms improved significantly in both groups. Additional sequels occurred in 2 patients who had major complications subsequent to surgical closure. Conclusions: Even in young children, it is both feasible and safe to close defects in the oval fossa percutaneously. Compared to surgical closure, the transcatheter approach allows a shorter stay in hospital, and has a lower rate of complications. Early and mid-term follow-up has confirmed the safety and efficacy of both techniques.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
2007 Cambridge University Press

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A comparison between the early and mid-term results of surgical as opposed to percutaneous closure of defects in the oval fossa in children aged less than 6 years
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